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Rise and Fall of Napoleon Bonaparte`s Empire

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Napoleon Bonaparte was born on the island of Corsica in 1769. He was the third son and fourth child of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino. In Napoleons twenties, he adopted the name Napoléon Bonaparte. Later on in life Napoleon attended a military academy, he gained the officer rank quickly since so many officers fled France during this time. In 1793 Napoleon got to command French troops and they chased out the British from Toulon. Two years later he broke up a Paris mob by ordering his platoon to fire a somewhat lethal pellet at the rioters. These actions did not go unnoticed by the Directory. Also Napoleon’s wife had influential friends among the directors which helped him get general status when he was 27. Later on Napoleon gained command of the French army for an invasion of Italy. Napoleon had several victories against the Austrians who powered north of Italy. Later on the Austrians withdrew from the war in 1797 which left Britain the only country fighting in France. In 1798 Napoleon invaded Egypt because it was a vital lifeline to British outposts in India. When Napoleon won the battle against Egypt he suffered a disastrous setback at sea because the British fleet destroyed the French fleet in the battle of the Nile. After leaving the army in Egypt Napoleon returned to Paris. The French were not fully aware of the losses in Egypt and they welcomed him home as a hero. Once Napoleon returned he soon found out that many people were dissatisfied with the Directory. With the help of troops that were loyal to him, he and two directors overthrew the government in 1799. Napoleon and other supporters drew another constitution and under the new government Napoleon was named First Consul. In the early 1800s, Fr... ... middle of paper ... ...s rallied to his side. For about 100 days, he worked to rebuild the French army. But the European allies acted swiftly. In June 1815, a join British and Prussian army led by the Duke of Wellington defeated the French at Waterloo. Napoleon fled to the island of St. Helena in the Atlantic, where he later died in 1821. Works Cited BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014. BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2014. "Napoleon Bonaparte, Napoleon III, Josephine, Marie-Louise, Eugenie, King of Rome, Prince Imperial, Consulate, First Empire, Hundred Days, Second Empire, Napoleonic Empire." Napoleon Bonaparte, Napoleon III, Josephine, Marie-Louise, Eugenie, King of Rome, Prince Imperial, Consulate, First Empire, Hundred Days, Second Empire, Napoleonic Empire. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2014. "Napoleon." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 14 Jan. 2014. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.
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