The US became slowly embroiled in war in Vietnam by firstly trying to support the South Vietnamese fight the Communists of the North. As this became more entrenched, the US became more involved. The policies of the South Vietnamese and Americans were unpopular with the South Vietnamese. At first President Kennedy merely supported the South Vietnamese government The South Vietnamese President Diem, was catholic and the Buddhists resented this influence. President Kennedy approved a coupe d'etait and Diem was to be replaced by his brother Nhu.
The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam in half, creating North and South Vietnam. It also stated that free elections had to be held to decide Vietnam’s fate. Except this was ignored, and South Vietnam announced themselves as ant-communist. This assured the United States support which would provide aid and protection from the communists in the North. South Vietnam’s new president was Ngo Dinh Diem.
They were worried that if one country were to fall to a communist leader, so would neighbouring countries. This was known as the Domino Theory. These reasons for joining the war in Vietnam and the fact that the United States did not want to appear weak were the main reasons that the USA withdrew forces from Vietnam so late, as it took from 1968 when peace talks were made with North Vietnam until 1973 when the majority of soldiers had been withdrawn from Vietnam. There were many reasons for the USA withdrawing its forces from Vietnam: the tactics of the two armies, the strong anti-war movement in America, the change in public opinion and the one-sided media coverage. The major turning point for most members of the USA public and government was the Tet Offensive in 1968.
Gradually they got dragged further and further into the war and sud... ... middle of paper ... ...m was not even really supported by the Vietnamese people. How could the United States expect to win a war when nobody wanted the government they had set up? South Vietnamese guerillas began to work with the North Vietnamese soldiers to defeat the American supported government and to unify Vietnam. The United States basically turned the Vietnamese that were earlier on their side against them. They became angry that so many of their civilians were being injured and killed and did not want the government set up by the United States to stay in place.
To make it even more difficult for the soldiers, their “information was based on faulty intelligence”. Võ Nguyên Giáp, a northern Vietnamese general, believed that the US and the southern Vietnamese had an unstable relationship. He hoped that through the Tet Offensive the US would believe they were no longer worth defending. Fighting was done using guerrilla warfare which blurred the lines of legitimate and illegitimate killings and this had effect of bringing peoples morales down. Support for the war had always been split but this battle caused even the government to reconsider their involvement.
The end of the Vietnam War was not the end of the issues that the war brought up within the United States. The 1970s became a period of violence and distrust of government. The Watergate Scandal was the peak of the speculation of government and ended in the impeachment of President Nixon. This mistrust has spilled into the current state of American society and politics, where the people constantly feel they are being cheated and lied to by government officials. In addition, there is a huge separation between those who are for or against government intervention in other countries.
The problem was that the U.S government was not concerned with whether or not they were setting up a proper democracy, as much as they just wanted to prevent communism. The Diem Regime was a totalitarian government and was Catholic. He was anti-communist which was all the CIA and American Government cared about. The people of South Vietnam did not like him, and he was eventually assassinated in 1963 (Wood 4-24). Leading up to the Vietnam War the U.S was living in great fear of communism spreading throughout the world.
The Involvement of the United States during the Vietnam War. The American’s involvement in the Vietnam War took a huge death toll as well as a huge financial toll. Many believed that our involvement was unnecessary and waste of the money and lives lost (Romo, Zastro, Miller). But, with the harsh French ruling the Vietnam had, and soon shared control over Vietnam with Japan, some Vietnamese got tired of that and wanted to declare it a free country. Of course, that thought wouldn’t come easy to all, and a fight starts to break.
I found it to be quite ironic how the British helped train George Washington in the Military Profession during the French and Indian War because in later years he was one of the many significant people who helpe... ... middle of paper ... ... French and Indian War shaped the political society between the American colonists and Great Britain. It showed how tough the British were economically on America with the many taxes given to the colonists. Colonists changed their ideological beliefs towards their mother country after this great war. Changes occurred throughout this time period that many felt were harsh and irrational. What the British did to the colonists helped bring independence to the colonies from Britain rule.
At that time, most American believed in the "Domino Theory", suggesting that if one Asian country fell to the Communist the others would quickly follow. The U.S. government believed that by helping the South Vietnamese government to resist the invasion of the North Vietnam and prevent the spread of communism to throughout the world to stop advance of communist is the only one and most important perspective for American strategy in the Cold War. After the WWII, US government considered that the communism pose a great threat to world peace. For example, communist easily established so-called "Iron Curtain" in the east Europe and overthrew Chang regime in the China and drove out France from Vietnam. Therefore, with France withdrawal from Vietnam, American wants to prevent a Communist takeover as well as reluctance on apart of American presidents to assume of primary responsibility for fighting Vietcong and their North communist Vietnam allies.