Although he was active with the socialist party, Mussolini started publishing editorials that supported World War I, which he was drafted in himself in 1915 (Mussolini). This led to his expulsion from the socialist party. Ready for a major change, Mussolini gathered many nationalistic groups in Italy together and formed a single organization under his leadership (Mussolini). Rising to power in the wake of the Great War, Benito Mussolini was a violent, military-minded dictator who saw to the emergence of the National Fascist Party in Italy. Although he is known for his extreme fascist ideas, Mussolini did not begin his political career as a right-wing radical.
Comparison of Mussolini and Hitler Fascism was a totalitarian political movement that developed after 1919 as a reaction against the political and social changes brought about by World War 1 and the spread of socialism and communism. It flourished between 1919 and 1945 in several countries, mainly Germany, Spain, Italy, and Japan. Fascism is a form of totalitarian dictatorship that had ideals such as extreme nationalism, economic self sufficiency and military strength. The dictators abolished all opposition against them and basically took complete control of the lives of everyone in their country. Benito Mussolini was the founder of Italian Fascism and premier of Italy from 1922-43 and ruling as a dictator from about 1925.
He was freed two months later by a daring German rescue party and became head of the Fascist puppet government set up in Northern Italy by Hitler. Italy unlike the rest of Europe was greatly affected by the first World War and the state that the country was left in made it vulnerable to the extremist view of Mussolini and was easily transformed into a dictatorship and lead into a fateful alliance with Germany. Mussolini and his fascist ideals were able to overthrow Italy and turn it into a dictatorship and lead it into the second World War behind Hitler’s Germany. Mussolini was able to successfully turn Italy into a dictatorship under a fascist regime because of the country’s internally divided war-torn society as well as the weak state of Italy’s minority governments which could not unite to oppose fascism and finally because of his ability to appeal to this country through a false sense of security and nationalism.
Starting out as a socialist journalist in northern Italy, Benito Mussolini wanted to do something about the way his nation had been; and so in 1919, Benito Mussolini organized veterans and other discontented Italians into a new party called the Fascist Party. The Fascist party first started out in a newspaper article and later spread throughout Italy. With no other option, the Italians had to take sides with Mussolini in order to have an attempt at becoming a better nation. Mussolini also promised Italians that he would revive Roman greatness and end corruption and also to maintain order (Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis and Anthony Esler “Fascism In Italy” World History Connections to Today. New Jersey: Prentice Hall 1999.
This outraged Mussolini, who had already gotten a group of followers. Together, they took over the national transportation system. Benito Mussolini gained power in Italy in 1922. Once he had power, he put on a demonstration with his followers, which got him invited by the king to form a new government. With this encouragement, he created a fascist, anti-democratic government in Italy.
Mussolini, in the beginning, was given support from liberals to conservatives. But behind their backs, he was dismantling parliament democratically with legislation that... ... middle of paper ... ...ded in 1919 was the only legal party and held the total control of police, secret services, army and public administration; parliamentarian elections had been abolished in 1925 and his propaganda was obsessive and efficient, able to obtain a wide consensus within Italian public opinion. Mussolini's power began to decline after World War II. Mussolini was not a good war strategist and was causing Italy to lose ground in the war. Mussolini depended on Hitler against the democratic countries.
After World War I, there were two men that rose up to control their government in their countries. One was Adolf Hitler who was put in charge of the German government, and the other was Benito Mussolini who was put in charge of the Italian government. Adolf Hitler was born in 1889, and according to the lecture was known as a failure for not finishing high school, or becoming an accomplished artist. While Mussolini was born in 1883, and was unknown until he came home a wounded soldier from the war. Mussolini would rise up and form the Fascist government focusing on being loyal to the state, and Hitler will rise up and control the Socialist German Workers Party, the Nazis.
Mussolini, who was originally a socialist, set up the `fascio di combattimento' (fascist movement) in 1919. They were mostly ex soldiers who were dissatisfied with the liberal government and the outcome of the war. Mussolini began to make promises to restore Italy to its former glory. He ran his own newspaper ` Il popolo d'Italia' that proved the ideal tool in which to promote his ideals and spread propaganda. The movement also used violence in order to convert people into the idea of Fascism and not Socialism The weak Liberal government and the rise of Socialism scared many, allowing the growing support for the Fascist movement.
Mussolini was jailed in 1911 for his opposition to Italy’s war in Libya. Soon after his release in 1912 he became editor of the socialist newspaper in Milan, "Avanti!". When WWI began in 1914 Mussolini advocated Italy’s entrance into the war on the allied side and was expelled from the socialist party. He then started his own newspaper in Milan, Il Popolo d’Italia (The People of Italy) which later became the origin of the Fascist Movement. In 1916 Mussolini enlisted in the military.
Working with his dad, they both talked about everything politics. His father, a socialist republican, believed the monarchy was useless and the economy wasn’t operated appropriately. Being young, Mussolini adapted into the same behavior. Mussolini packed all his belongings and moved to Switzerland in 1902. In search of politics, he met two Italian socialist who got him a job as a brick layer.