Boston: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Scribd. (2007, April 19). The history of special effects and digital technology in film. Retrieved July 3, 2010, from http://www.scribd.com/doc/34079/The-History-of-Special-Effects-and-Digital-Technology-in-Films-
America got its first look of a program that would later become legendary on September 8, 1966 at 8:30 PM on NBC. America was never the same after Star Trek made its debut that night. The series did not receive the recognition it deserved until it was canceled after only three years and later returning in syndication. However, Star Trek was never an ordinary science fiction program to begin with. Comparison to other programs in this genre is difficult because Star Trek is certainly not an unconventional science fiction program- it is a science fiction program that displays America during 1960's.
Film History by Decade. AMC Filmsite. Retrieved August 10, 2010, from http://www.filmsite.org/filmh.html Morato, R. (2008, July 23). How to Analyze/Critic a Film: The Elements of Film Analysis and Criticism. Retrieved August 11, 2010, from http://ivythesis.typepad.com/term_paper_topics/2008/07/how-to-analys-1.html Pollick, M. (2009).
Despite the constant revolution of the sci-fi genre, good science fiction is and always will be characterised by scientific principles, creative fiction and analytical social commentary. Most quality sci-fi texts incorporate a degree of imaginative yet realistic scientific principles. These principles - figments of the authors' imaginations - are the novels' underlying-scientific theories that are realistic in terms of extrapolation. Science is important to sci-fi because it provides explanations behind the concepts that drive the story. Robert Forward’s “Saturn Rukh” is strengthened by biological concepts which explain the anatomy of a gigantic bird-like creature – the Rukh.
It was during this time when the U.S and the U.K started to telecast science fiction series which had a huge impact on society. Star Trek became the forefront of American science fiction series in television while British science fiction series could be best represented by Doctor Who, a hugely successful production which started in 1963 and still runs today. Both nations revolutionized the way science fiction was shared and interpreted, being the leaders behind this ‘New Wave’. Yet, the unique socio-cultural differences between both societies lead to slightly differing tracks of science fiction television series. The influence which both sets of series had on the media and society is unremarkable.
Planet Cyborg Since the beginning of civilization, the concept of a super-human has fascinated our species. Whether imagined as a semi-god, super-hero, or monster, the vision of some superior yet human-like being never seems to die out through time. An equal, if not more of a plausibility than artificial intelligence is the emergence of a sub-species of humans enhanced with artificial or computerized limbs, organs, and capabilities. Fundamentally, however, an increase in cyborg technology will alter our conception of intellgence just as much as the achievement of A.I. The term cyborg originated in 1960 as a combination of “cybernetic” and “organism,” coined by NASA scientist Manfred Clynes as he envisioned the modification of humans to be more space-compatible.