Enraged by Mrs. Parks arrest the black community of Montgomery united together and organized a boycott of the bus system until the city buses were integrated. The black men and women stayed of the buses until December 20, 1956, almost thirteen months after the boycott their goal was reached. The Montgomery Bus Boycott can be considered a major turning point in the Civil Rights Movement because it made Martin Luther King Jr. public leader in the movement, starting point for non-violent protest as an effective tool in the fight for civil rights, showed that African-Americans united for a cause could stand up to segregation. Being president of the Montgomery Improvement Association taught Martin Luther the skills and gave the exposure to become a great leader of a movement as large as the civil rights movement.
In other words, most of the civil right leaders were African Americans who wanted to stop segregation and have equal rights. Therefore, African Americans listened to civil right leaders, because their courage and knowledge helped African Americans during the civil right movement. Martin Luther King Jr. made African Americans aware that changes needed to be made when it came to segregation laws. Segregation was a way for white society to separate themselves from African Americans. Segregation dehumanized African Americans, because they were always treated like outcast.
Ferguson(1896) which was an incident when a black man in New Orleans tried to sit in a whites only railway car but was unsuccessful. He would be arrested and the court would eventually make it to the Supreme Court. The Jim Crow Laws lasted from 1877-1954 which was the civil rights movement really started to take effect. We had felt we had made a major accomplishment as people once we resolved that situation that was until the “New Jim Crow Laws” took effect. They found a new to work the system and limit African Americans particularly men in this case.
The Freedom Riders were a group of college students and leaders of various racial equality organizations, both blacks and whites, which tested the law of integration for public transportation. The law was instated, but Alabama especially didn’t follow it. The Freedom Riders rode buses into the cities to see if the townspeople accepted or declined the new law. They in turn ended up beating, pummeling, and chasing the riders out of town with the white mobs. The Freedom Riders violently fought the segregation of blacks and whites for public transportation systems, and their victory led to the integration of many other places and the making of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
However even if with the Supreme court rulings, African Americans were still finding themselves discriminated against in the Southern States. One example would be when the Riders suffered several arrests and experienced bigotry from a southern Judge Henry Whitfield. "It's about time you Jews from New York learned that you can't come down here bringing your n*****s with you to upset the customs of the South. Just to teach you a lesson, I have your black boys thirty days, and I gave you ninety." The NAACP tried to offer a limited amount of legal help for those arrested.
A meeting in the community was called, they agreed that the only way to fight back would be to boycott the bus company. The people in the locale agreed to participate and that started the Montgomery Bus Boycott. As they continued to withhold patronage the white community fought back with terrorism and harassment. The community complained and King told them, “We must learn to meet hate with love. '; Although King’s views were continuously challenged by blacks who had lost faith in nonviolence, his belief in the power of nonviolence protest remained strong.
Black communities, even organized a car-pooling so that every African-American can get to their destination, instead of having to ride the bus; which led to the ruling that declared segregation on the buses unconstitutional. The protest challenged the policy of bus segregation. On the day of the Parks had to attend court almost whole black community did not ride the busses at all. The protest hurt the bus systems, because more African Americans ride the buses to where they have to go than white people therefore, most of the income for the buses decreased when black riders stop riding the bus until they won equal rights just as whites. On December 13, 1955 no African American Negro rode the segregated bus they carpool, walk, cancel plans, or used any type of way except ride the bus to get to their destination.
The Civil Rights movement was a movement against racial segregation and discrimination in the southern States that became nationally recognized in the middle of the 1950s. Though American slaves were given basic civil rights through the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments of the Constitution, African Americans still had a hard time trying to get federal protection of their newly found rights. A man by the name of Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the American Civil rights Leaders who used nonviolence in order to reach a social change. He used nonviolent resistance to overcome injustice against African Americans like segregation laws. He wasn’t just fighting for the equality of all African American but was also fighting for the equality of all men and women.
How Important were the actions of Rosa Parks to the civil rights movement? Explain your answer. Rosa Parks was a black American who it has been said, started the black civil rights movement. Rosa Parks was fro Montgomery, and in Montgomery they had a local low that black people were only allowed to sit in a few seats on the public buses and if a white person wanted their set, they would have to give it up. On one bus journey Parks was asked to move for a white person, she refused and the police were call and she was arrested and convicted of breaking the bus laws.