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Rhythm In Music Therapy

explanatory Essay
1237 words
1237 words
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Humans encounter many physical changes over the course of a lifetime (Poinier & Herman, 2014). The most common changes take place in the brain and nervous system. The brain adapts to changes in the weight of the brain, the extent of its nerve network, and decreasing blood flow by developing new innervation distribution patterns. Music is a powerful tool used to help older adults adjust to significant changes in their physical and mental state.
Music produces both emotional and physical responses (Clair & Memmott, 2008). It aids and improves social interaction, and provides effective communication and emotional expression. Music stimulates associations and triggers reminiscence. When experiencing recent inactivity, discomfort, and changes in …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that humans encounter physical changes over the course of a lifetime. the most common changes take place in the brain and nervous system. music helps older adults adjust to significant changes in their physical and mental state.
  • Explains that music stimulates associations and triggers reminiscences. music is a distraction from depression and can stabilize mood.
  • Explains the physical and mental state of older adults with traumatic brain injuries is severely damaged. only external conditions cause tbi, such as being struck in the head by a hard object.
  • Defines neurological music therapy as the therapeutic application of music to cognitive, sensory, and motor dysfunctions due to neurological disease of the human nervous system.
  • Opines that older adults with traumatic brain injuries can benefit from a neurologic approach to music therapy. understanding the anatomy and physiology of the brain will improve the ability of music therapists to treat causes and symptoms of tbi.
  • Explains that traumatic brain injury occurs when the brain experiences physical impact with another object, which results in loss of consciousness. falls and motor vehicle crashes are the most common activities that result in tbi.
  • Explains that bruising, damage to brain cells, and torn tissues are common effects of a closed head injury.
  • Explains that cognitive impairment is a significant symptom of traumatic brain injuries. sensory losses, nausea, dizziness, spatial disorientation, difficulty focusing, balance problems, and emotional problems are common symptoms of tbi.
  • Explains that neurological music therapy foundations are scientific in nature, meaning musical and non-musical functions stem from previous and ongoing scientific research. the rational scientific mediating model informs music therapists of the functions of different brain systems.
  • Explains that neurologic music therapists must first understand the anatomy and physiology of the brain to provide effective treatment for older adults with traumatic brain injuries.
  • Explains that rhythm in music affects the outcomes of neurologic music therapy. nmt results in significant improvements of motor, communicative, cognitive, physical, and social skills.
  • Explains that the center for biomedical research in music, colorado state university, and veterans affairs black hills health care system, mental health service conducted a study centered on neurologic music therapy and cognitive rehabilitation.
  • Explains that neurologic music therapy is an essential part of recovering from a traumatic brain injury. it helps older adults regain voluntary movement using gross and fine motor skills, and improves emotional stability and mental awareness.

This means that both the musical and nonmusical functions of music therapy stem from previous and ongoing scientific research. A neurologic music therapist must have an extensive understanding of anatomy and physiology, specifically regarding the brain and nervous system. The rational scientific mediating model (R-SMM) informs music therapists of the functions of different brain systems (Hurt-Thaut & Johnson, 2015). Knowledge of different brain systems allows the music therapist to apply the methods and interventions that will provide the client with the highest chance of recovery. Without developing scientific knowledge and an understanding of different brain structures, effective music therapy cannot be …show more content…

NMT focuses on the precise non-music application of skills when combining non-music assessments, movements, and behaviors in music therapy. NMT results in significant improvements of motor, communicative, cognitive, physical, and social skills. Interventions used in NMT include Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation (RAS), Pattern Sensory Enhancement (PSE), Therapeutic Instrumental Music Performance (TIMP), Musical Speech Stimulation (MUSTIM), and Rhythmic Speech Cuing (RSC) (Hurt-Thaut & Johnson, 2015). Voluntary movement can be heavily influenced by rhythm. When the motor system and auditory system work together, they can create anticipated and consecutive changes in body functions. NMT is more concerned with the outcome of the therapy than the process used to achieve it. As a result, many music therapists use NMT specifically for clinical studies and

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