Ruiz, Vicki L. From out of the Shadows: Mexican Women in Twentieth-century America. New York: Oxford UP, 1999. Print.
123-131. Ibsen, Kristine (Editor). The Other Mirror: Women's Narrative in Mexico, 1980-1995. Westport, CT:Greenwood Press. Salih,Tayeb.(1997).
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, a nun and a poet in the seventeenth-century, stated that, “Misguided men, who will chastise a woman when no blame is due, oblivious that it is you who prompted what you criticize…” perfectly described the situation of women in colonial Mexico. In colonial Mexico patriarchal ruling was applied both privately and publicly. While, men were allowed to participate in politics, obtain an education and given the power to make decisions regarding women’s life. Women, on the other hand, were controlled either by their fathers or husbands; who did not allowed them to participate in activities outside their house and their education was restricted to “how to be a good wife”. While the above was true, there are also documented cases that demonstrate that women, especially widows and unmarried, played a fundamental role in the socio-economic and political structure of colonial Mexico.
Trans. Karen Williams. Koln: TASCHEN GmbH, 2003. Monk, Heather. “Mexican Women – Then and Now.” A SOCIALIST, FEMINIST, ANTI RACIST ORGANIZATION: SOLIDARITY.
26 Feb 2014. . Located in: Zoot Suit Discovery Guide Rankin, M. (2011). Mexicanas en guerra: World war ii and the discourse of mexican female identity. Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies, 32(2), 83-110. Located in: projectMuse Moore, W. (1949).
Without citizenship, women had to depend on the males in their lives for everything. “According to the Civil Code of 1884, married women could not enter into a contract, sell property, or oversee their children’s education” (Op Cit.). Without the rights of citizenship, women could not lead an independent existence. This paper will explore why, for women of all kinds, the revolution against Diaz became a popular cause. It will also explore how various groups of women worked for revolutionary forces, why women of all classes were disappointed by their lack of progress, and how these groups of women were very separate from one another.
The sheer scope of America social patterns and local policies separated men and women; but the ones that suffered the consequences of those outlooks were women. There was the recurrent mental and physical maltreatment and ill-willed abuse, which was complicated for women to oppose because society conditioned women to be vulnerable and numerous consequences, would have followed. For example: total isolation from male members of the family, possible religious punishment, and social shunning. Fortunately, there was a revolutionary movement that altered the benign traditional roles that brought much profit, which enabled women to step out of the traditional gender roles and into more androgynous role; that movement was worldly known as the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment was a cultural movement of reasoning and intellect which began in the late 17th century in Europe emphasizing individualism and reasoning rather than tradition.
It is theoretically located in present day New Mexico. 2. Martha Menchaca, Recovering History, Constructing Race: the Indian, Black, and White Roots of Mexican Americans (Texas: University of Texas Press, 2001), 29. 3. Menchaca, 47.
Gordon, A. D. (1998). The new U.S. women's suffrage history. NWSA Journal, 10(3), 202-207. Hewitt, N. (2001). Re-rooting American women’s activism: Global perspectives on 1848.