French Revolution Questions
The Outbreak of the Revolution:
1) French society around 1789 was split into three groups of people or the Three Estates. The First Estate consisted of the clergy or the leaders of the church. The Second Estate were the nobles who were highly privileged. The Third and final estate consisted of peasants, city workers, and the middle class, all of which were taxes heavily and underprivileged.
The third estate could be broken down into three parts: the rich (bourgeoisie), the middle (lawyers, doctors, businessmen), and the poor (the peasant, farmer). There was much change in the economic world of the third estate. For instance the bourgeois were gaining land and therefore making money. 35% of the land was left to the 22 to 23 million peasants, the bourgeoisie held about 30% of the land, the 350 000 members of the nobility held about 20% of the land, and left with an unequally shared 10% the 130 000 member of the clergy. This sh...
The social condition in France before the French Revolution was very poor. The society was divided into three estates: first estate, second estate, and third Estate. The first and the second estates were made up of the Clergy
Three estates governed France. The First estate consisted of the catholic clergy and was a very small part of the population. The second estate represented the nobles and it too was represented by a very small part of the population. The third estate was made up of common citizens who were 98% percent of the population. The first and second estates could veto anything that...
The third estate essentially was France’s economy at that time. “This complicated tax system was both inefficient and unfair,” (Hanson 34). The upper class enjoyed many privileges such as tax exemptions that the third estate did not have. Therefore, the third estate basically funded the wealth and luxury of the upper class. When the economy slumped, the already struggling peasants were asked to contribute more. It is estimated that peasants “paid direct taxes equal to 50 to 60 percent of his gross harvest. Given that a fifth to a quarter of the harvest had to be saved for seed for the following year, this left very little grain for the family to consume,” (Hanson 34).
Before the time of the French Revolution, France was divided into three estates, the clergy, nobility and commoners. The Ancient Regime system was based on the concentration of economical, social and political power held by these three estates that France was divided into. The first estate consists of clergies. This included archbishops, bishops, abbots, parish priests, monks and nuns. Leaders of the clergy lived like nobles; they did not have to pay taxes and were all wealthy. They also tended to support Louis due to the privileges they had. The rest of the clergy, which were the parish priests, lived like ordinary people who paid no taxes. Nobles made up the second estate. They were landowners and were also nobles by birth. Most of them were wealthy and held some power. However, in some parts of the country, nobles were not particularly rich. Nobles did not have to pay taxes even though most of them were wealthy. Some of the nobles thought that the King and his ministers were running the country badly. Everybody else in France, which is called the commoners, made up the third estate. They were middle-class people, such as bankers, merchants and doctors. The middle-class people were quite wealthy but they held no power at all. They also needed to ...
The French Revolution was based a single feeling. This feeling was injustice and the commoners were sick of being persecuted by the higher monarchies. They stood up to the “big guys” and fought for what they believed in and ended up changing History. Throughout all periods of History, there have been many revolutions. According to Merriam-Webster, the definition of a revolution is a sudden, extreme, or complete change in the way people lived or worked. There are many different reasons why a revolution might happen. Some revolutions were caused due to politics, and others were caused by the economics of a country. There were even social and cultural revolutions. France experienced a revolution in the seventeenth and eighteenth century because
Medieval society was traditionally divided into three "estates”. The "First Estate" was the Church receiving their authority from God; the "Second Estate" was the Nobility receiving their authority from the clergy; and the "Third Estate" was the commoners receiving their authority and rights from the nobility. The First Estate provided the moral authority and structure encompassing the whole system, essentially, they set the rules. The clergy used their influence to provide moral authority for the nobility to rule over the commoners. The commoners, were instructed by this hierarchy, to follow the nobles. This enabled the clergy to receive special rights and exclusions from most of the noble’s governance. The clergy had many functions independent
The French Revolution was a period of political upheaval that occurred in France during the latter half of the 18th century. This revolution marked an end to the system of feudalism and the monarchy in France and a rise to democracy and new Enlightenment ideas. By 1789, when the revolution began, France was in a deep financial crisis due to the debt they had obtained over many years of reckless spending and France was nearly bankrupt. These financial issues fell almost completely on the bottom social class or the Third Estate which made up a majority of the country. Because of this financial trouble the common people were heavily taxed leaving many of them in poverty. In addition to the economic issues, France also held an Estate System that led to heavy
The French Revolution was a revolt of the people against higher authority. In 1789, French society was split into three Estates that showed class distinction from the rich to the poor. The First Estate was made up of the clergy, the Second Estate was made up of the nobility, and the Third Estate made up the majority of the population being commoners and peasants. The Third Estate had very few rights and wanted to be treated fairly in tax collection, votes, personal liberties, and proprietary rights. In general, the Third Estate wanted equality for everyone. However, the problem arose from King Louis XVI’s failed attempt at granting the people of France their rights of justice, freedom, and equality. He raised unfair taxes and allowed starvation to take over the country, by raising the price of bread. Hence the people revolted using violence, such as executions and uprisings, to topple the monarchy and change the unjust for the greater good. Violence was an effective means of achieving the goals in the French Revolution because it eradicated the privileges of the First and Second Estate and ended the monarchy’s reign, which granted the people's goals of freedom and equality.