Although churches were influenced by the Romanesque style, the Gothic cathedral were being built which started the synthesis of different styles. The Notre Dame de la Belle Verriere is reflects the religious aspects of this period not only by its symbolism but its medium. Stained-glass windows were designed by Abbot Suger who used them as a “medium that filtered divine truth,” and to the medieval viewpoint, “light was a symbol of Jesus” which influenced the belief that the Gothic church was an equivalent to God himself (163). The stained-glass of this artifact also signified the “sublime knowledge” and “purification of the ascending human spirit,” (163). The stained-glass window became and “object of devotion” which was usually “reserved for statues or other objects,” strengthening the value of the Notre Dame de la Belle Verriere even more
Another development during the relatively short Romanesque period was the origins of the cruciform structure of the church in that church plans (as seen from above) are in the form of a crucifix; a feature usually associated with the later Gothic styles but which had originate... ... middle of paper ... ..., which was obviously influenced by Roman architecture saw the development of massive structures and Cathedrals and also included the introduction of the architectural features of the vaulted roofs. The Gothic period and saw the development of the Cathedral construction boom in which several innovative art forms were also introduced in the Church design. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Cedron, R. Romanesque: Foundations Stones of Learning. Earthlore.
The influences of any era is evident through artwork and architecture. During the Middle Ages the main influence was the church, this is evident through the focus on biblical and religious symbols. During the Renaissance the main focus was the study of people. This is shown through the increase in self portraits and classical antiquity-inspired buildings. The change between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is best shown through the art and architecture, demonstrated specifically through an emphasis on religion and classical antiquity, both suggesting a clear cultural change.
In order to build the dome that crowns the magnificent structure, builders needed to use pendentive construction, a technique that the Byzantines invented which involves mounting a dome over a square chamber. Once inside the Hagia Sophia the amount of elaborate detail in the mosaics, impressive columns, and awe inspiring half domes it is easy to see the importance the people placed on religion. Examples of Byzantine architectural inspiration can also be found in Italy. The city of Ravenna, which lays on the East coast of northern Italy, was subject to Byzantine influence. Ravenna has the most well-kept Byzantine style art.
Gothic architecture was still predominantly in cathedrals and churches. The rise of Romanticism began in the eighteenth century–leading to an awareness and increased interest of the Middle Ages, specifically interest in church architecture. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gothic_Revival_architecture) Thus, Gothic Revival Architecture was created. When admirers of neo-Gothic styles wanted to revive medieval Gothic architecture, Gothic Revival Architecture was created—along with many sub styles, such as Polychrome Brick Gothic and Carpenter Gothic in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. All architectural styles have different characteristics.
It should have color, texture, patterns, unity, balance and focus. Buildings, particularly churches, should have exquisite architectural feats. Most importantly, art should serve a purpose and have a function. The Gothic period truly defines what art is and demonstrates all the characteristics of what makes something a work of art, from the creations of life-like sculptures, to the use of polychromatic mosaics to create stained glass windows, and most significantly would be the use of flyting buttresses. During the years 1100-1400, also known as the Gothic period, there was a separation of church and state.
The Gothic Revival The gothic architectural style came about after the fall of the Roman Empire and was well received by the Catholic Church in England. Evolving from Romanesque styles, gothic style incorporates ribbed vaults, large pained and painted windows, and flying buttresses. Gothic styles also having pointed roofs and arches was popular during the mid to late medieval period. The gothic style of architecture is not only important, it was vital to the church, the people, and to the commonwealth of the cities and towns that had such amazing structures erected. Gothic structures had a tendency to be very tall, light walls, towering structures and with large widows, a lot of light could flow in, giving a strong sense of happiness and godliness.
With a visual characteristic, Christian tradition could be borne under a new light rather than simply literature as a means of conveying itself. What is more, the two make it possible to illustrate the history of Christianity (whether it be that of the bible or not) in both an innovative and novel approach. Likewise, art and architecture greatly capture the minds of many with awe and aid in familiarizing people with the religion. Truthfully speaking, it is through both art and architecture that Catholicism can very much so achieve a defining status of its own, one that demonstrates the beauty it treasures and the fulfillment it brings to various
It is interesting story that the cathedrals try to tell with scholasticism, politics, and the religion under the influential umbrella of the Christian ideology. While it was a very practical and expressive on its own rights a magnificent feat in engineering and symbolically; the most notable part... ... middle of paper ... ...ry of Art. London: Phaidon Press. info.com. (2012).
It provided a new focus for the representation of nature and one major area within Gothic Art that distinguishes it from the ordinary is the symbolic elements used to create the art and in particular their infamous architecture. One of the greatest architectural landmarks known to Gothic art referred to as the Chartres Cathedral along some of the most exquisite sculptural & painted pieces in the world showed clearly the beauty and symbolism the Gothic Age had to offer the rest of the world. Theologians and Historians pioneered two major approaches to the study of gothic art and architecture, the first being that Cathedrals were seen as products of progressive technology and functional engineering. The second approach to Gothic Art is a more mystical and literary system of classification, not of the masonry work but rather of the symbols that make up the meaning. The art and architecture of this period triggered the huge historical transformations that have contributed to the reshaping of culture and society today.