In some subjects, carefully written test questions with planned outcomes can accurately distinguish students who grasp a basic concept from those who do not (Fairtest, 98?). With multiple-choice questions, a teacher can strategically place answer choices in a manner that will best evaluate what her students have... ... middle of paper ... ...ridge, MA 02139. (1998). Multiple-Choice Tests. Retrieved March 11, 2004 from http://www.fairtest.org/facts/mctfcat.html FoCAL Points Issue 23.
Retrieved on March 5, 2014, from http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0040557407000397 Spinrad, P.S.(1987). The Summons of Death on the Medieval and Renaissance English Sage. Retrieved on 6 March, 2014, from https://ohiostatepress.org/Books/Complete%20PDFs/Spinrad%20Summons/01.pdf Van Laan, T.F. (1963). Everyman: A Structural Analysis.
Viewpoint, Nov. - Dec. 1990. http://toddpr.com/articles/BradburyThompson.pdf (accessed November 21, 2013). 7 Kennedy, Thea. "Obsessions and Influences: Bradbury Thompson." Design Quixotic. http://designquixotic.com/obsessions-and-influences-bradbury-thompson-3/ (accessed November 24, 2013).
A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), p.p. 308. Retrieved January 15, 2014, from http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0054346 Maslow, A. (1943).
Standardized tests are administered to allow reliable and valid comparisons to be made among students taking the test. Two major types of standardized tests are currently in use; norm-referenced and criterion-referenced. A norm-referenced test is a test that has been given to representative samples of students such that norms of performance are established. Each student taking the test receives a score that can be compared to the norm or normal or sample of students. The scores are then reported in percentiles.
standardized testing has been in use since the 1930s. Originally, it was used to test for kids who may have special needs for education. Now, it is used more as a requirement to receive federal funding and as a measure of students’ education. The “No Child Left Behind” Act of 2001 especially caused this. A standardized test is defined as a test, “…that is given to evaluate the performance of students relative to all other students with the same characteristics… In the United States, standardized testing is one of the primary methods used to measure the performance of educational institutions (and often teachers) and to make decisions about the distribution of funding,” says “Standardized Testing: An Overview” (Issit and Maureen 1).
Aptitude tests are designed to predict how a student will perform in the future. For example, the SAT predicts performance in the first year of college. Standardized tests give educators a standard measure or “yardstick” because such a large number of students across the country take the same test. These tests are used to tell how well school programs are doing or to give a picture of the skills and abilities of students. Standardized tests; however, are problematic at all ages and levels of schooling.