Health defects that is caused by atherosclerosis are referred as cardiovascular disease. Scientist believe plaque builds up and becomes the inner lining of the artery. When plaque occurs, part of it can possibly break off or a blood clot can form on the plaque’s surface resulting into a heart attack or stroke. The damage is due to High cholesterol, High blood pressure and cigarette smoking. Smoking quickly speeds up the growth of plaque in the arteries of the heart, brains and legs.
Causes of blockage range from congenital tissue strands within or over the arteries to spasms of the muscular coat of the arteries themselves. By far the most common cause, however, is the deposition of plaques of cholesterol, platelets and other substances within the arterial walls. Sometimes the buildup is very gradual, but in other cases the buildup is suddenly increased as a chunk of matter breaks off and suddenly blocks the already narrowed opening. Certain factors seem to favor the buildup of these plaques. A strong family history of heart attacks is a definite risk factor, reflecting some metabolic derangement in either cholesterol handling or some other factor.
Atherosclerosis: The Silent Killer Atherosclerosis is one of a group of health problems that define coronary artery disease, oftentimes referred to as heart disease. Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of heart disease in the United States. The following is the definition provided by the American Heart Association: Atherosclerosis (ath"er-o-skleh-RO'sis) comes from the Greek words athero (meaning gruel or paste) and sclerosis (hardness). It's the name of the process in which deposits of fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium and other substances build up in the inner lining of an artery. This buildup is called plaque.
Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading deaths in the United States. Pulmonary hypertension disease one type of cardiovascular disease that is due to the narrowing of the arteries within the lungs. When the arteries are narrowed the right side of the heart is unable to pump blood through the lungs, pressure begin to build up and not enough oxygen is being picked up, therefore causing pulmonary hypertension. If there are damages to the endothelium, it can cause this disease because it can produce more endothelin-1, which is one of the isomer of Endothelin that influence as a vasoconstrictor. Introduction It is important to have treatment available to patients who suffer from cardiovascular diseases.
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Cardiovascular diseases are also known as heart diseases. This is a class of diseases that affect the heart and the blood vessels. The blood vessels are the arteries, capillaries and the veins. Principally, cardiovascular diseases are diseases that affect the cardiovascular system. Therefore, they include diseases that affect the heart, vascular diseases that affect the brain and the kidney, and peripheral arterial diseases.
There is a very long list of things that can cause Congestive Heart Failure. Among that list are aging, being obese, Diabetes, and other diseases. One of the most common causes of Congestive Heart Failure is Hypertension, which is abnormally high blood pressure, causes the heart muscle to stress and pump against a lot of pressure. Having high blood pressure makes the heart work harder to pump blood, causing stiffness problems leading to muscle weakening, contributing to the development of Congestive Heart Failure. Congestive Heart Failure is also caused by heart attacks because heart attacks cause part of the heart muscle to be damaged and makes the heart pump less effectively.
Heart attacks most often occur as an outcome of coronary artery disease or also known as coronary heart disease (CHD). Coronary heart disease is a condition where plaque (waxy substance) builds up within the coronary arteries. These arteries deliver oxygen-rich blood to your heart. The plaque is made up of cholesterol and other cells. A heart attack can happen when there is a tear in the plaque, this triggers blood platelets and other substances start to form a blood clot at the site that blocks blood from being able to flow to the heart.