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Review of Paper on Fitness, Fatness, and Cardiovascular Disease

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Here we will present pertinent background information that will provide a better understanding of the information presented in the paper. These topics will add clarity and help make connections between the information in the paper and he real world. Information is presented on cardiovascular diseases, aerobic exercise, and the impacts of genetics, race, and gender on cardiovascular disease.

Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for a multitude of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels such as arteries and veins. The various diseases that fall under the term cardiovascular disease include coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, high blood pressure and stroke. The more common form of cardiovascular disease is Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) or Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). CAD is a disease of the arteries that supplies the heart muscle with blood and because of this it is the leading cause of heart attacks. It generally means that blood flow through the coronary arteries has become obstructed, reducing blood flow to the heart muscle. The most common cause of such obstructions is arthrosclerosis. This is a disease that affects your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body. Healthy arteries are flexible, strong and elastic. Over time, however, too much pressure in your arteries can make the walls thick and stiff — sometimes restricting blood flow to your organs and tissues. This process is called arteriosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries.

*How arthrosclerosis causes a heart attack

CAN BE MODIFIED:

Cigarette smoking

High blood pressure

High blood cholesterol

Overweight/obesity

Physical inactiv...

... middle of paper ...

...vity and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. “Overweight and Obesity.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 22 May 2007. Department of Health and Human Services. 23 October 2007

http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/index.htm

Katzmarzyk, Gagnon, Leon, et. al. “Fitness, fatness, and estimated coronary heart disease risk: the HERITAGE Family Study.” Official Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine (2001).

Methods:

Katzmarzyk, Gagnon, Leon, et. al. “Fitness, fatness, and estimated coronary heart disease risk: the HERITAGE Family Study.” Official Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine (2001).

Conclusion:

Katzmarzyk, Gagnon, Leon, et. al. “Fitness, fatness, and estimated coronary heart disease risk: the HERITAGE Family Study.” Official Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine (2001).
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