Review of Literature

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Independent Study Unit – Phase 2
Review of Literature


21 of the first 23 astronauts into space were first-born; there is a reason to this (Hartshorne, 2010). They say that the order in which a person is born, and the gap years between siblings determines the personality of a person (Hartshorne, 2010). For those born first, they are seen as dominant and having the pressure put on them, while the youngest child is the most beloved (Hartshorne, 2010). The middle child at times feels neglected and has no sense of identity in the household (Hartshorne, 2010). In addition a house filled with close ranged siblings will be very energetic, while spaced out aged siblings will result in a very passive area ( Many parents like to have a certain number of years between children for specific reasons. Reasons as to why this study is being conducted, in to determine the overall importance of how sibling age gaps affect a child’s development.

For a while many pieces of data have suggested that there are many facts that connected birth order to personality or behavior. Overall the importance of this study is to determine how sibling age gaps affect a child’s development. Would a gap of 3 or more years make a child more timid or obnoxious and loud as they age? The whole experiment results will be split into 3 different age gaps of zero to one, two to four, and five plus year aged gaps. Reasons as to why so much studying is put into age gap in siblings are so that parents know as to how their family would act. For parents that would like for their house to be filled with energy, the age gaps between children are usually small. And for parents, who would like to spend more time with their children, tend to wait a whil...

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Sibling age gaps: How they affect families. (2013, March). Retrieved from

Skolnik, D. (2009, October). Does birth order matter? Bonnier Corporation, 21(9), 129. Retrieved from|A168775255&v=2.1&u=tplmain&it=r&p=AONE&sw=w&asid=e6be36df8a769ea278291a6a42635096

Tobin, C. (2009, August). Sibling love. Canadian Living, 32(8), 163-171. Retrieved from

Warnick, M. (2008). The kid gap . Bonnier Corporation, 20(4), 136. Retrieved from|A144267828&v=2.1&u=tplmain&it=r&p=AONE&sw=w&asid=c50f2f09bc5ef88e35bd090212d03df7
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