There exist two forms of deterrence. Primary deterrence focuses on the criminal; in the form of direct prevention of crime. However, it does not take rehabilitation into consideration whatsoever. Primary deterrence, also known as specific deterrence, emphasizes on keeping the criminal off the streets. If the criminal is serving time in a prison they can no longer commit crimes or be criminal threat to society and each community. The second form of deterrence is general deterrence. That form specializes in teaching society a lesson by incarcerating people around us. Joel Waldfogel from America’s Prisons says that, “ if someone is convicted of robbing a convenience store and sentenced to jail or prison, their punishment will cause others to think twi...
The United States correctional system is put in place for the time after a conviction to punish the convicted as well as get them ready to reenter society as a productive member. Unfortunately, Langan and Levin (2002), statisticians with the Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that 67.5% of prisoners released from prison are arrested again within three years time. Obviously, there is some sort of breakdown in the correction area of the criminal justice matrix. Even though there is overcrowding in the current prison systems, the public needs to look at options to remove criminals from the system and give them every opportunity to remain productive members of society once they are released. The correctional system is in place to both punish and rehabilitate offenders. In the fight to reduce crime, rehabilitation is the most effective.
The Criminal Justice system was established to achieve justice. Incarceration and rehabilitation are two operations our government practices to achieve justice over criminal behavior. Incarceration is the punishment for infraction of the law and in result being confined in prison. It is more popular than rehabilitation because it associates with a desire for retribution. However, retribution is different than punishment. Rehabilitation, on the other hand is the act of restoring the destruction caused by a crime rather than simply punishing offenders. This may be the least popular out of the two and seen as “soft on crime” however it is the only way to heal ruptured communities and obtain justice instead of punishing and dispatching criminals
When discussing retribution and restorative justice, some distinctions need to be made. For purposes of this work, retributive justice is defined as “Imposing punishment to restore moral balance” (Okimoto, Wenzel & Feather, 2009). For most individuals, this is perhaps the most intuitive notion of j...
One method of deterrence is “General Deterrence” , which is designed to "prevent crime in the general population" by making an example of the current offenders . More often than not , potential offenders acknowledge the punishment their criminal predecessor received, notices the stigma that follows that criminal, and decide on a different path .
Deterrence is a rational technique of disappointing individuals from committing crimes by frightening possible criminals throughout the existence that there would be strict penalties for their criminal engagements, such as being captive. People can be reasonable, and it's simply wise to accept that individuals would reevaluate the temptations of illegal activity if the results and cruelty of the punishment would be predictable. The developing of Deterrence was the product of vengeance and the cruelty of the sentence when justice is ultimately served. Deterrence is successful in that it helps persuade a possible criminal to think the importance of crime that has been done is not worth the crime itself. The result of punishment, such as being in jail, helps serve as an example to other individuals, to break the law. Putting someone in jail is the government’s way of putting someone in time out, which is not always the best punishment for everyone. Punishment by death or mutilation of a criminal was set to be ultimately to be extreme or harsh. This was later replaced with more minor forms such as incarceration.
Deterrence punishment is a threat to deter people from offending. Deterrence is often contrasted with retributivism, which holds that punishment is a necessary consequence of a crime and should be calculated based on the gravity of the wrong done.
Retribution's purpose is a “just desserts” perspective that stresses taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator or a group of offenders. It refers to the "just deserts" model, which believes that offenders are responsible for their crimes. Retribution finds punishments as justified, deserved, and some times even required by the offender's behavior. The main sentencing of the "just deserts" is mainly imprisonment but sometimes in extreme cases capital punishment becomes the crucial retribution. Retribution is still a primary goal of criminal sentencing.
Being sentenced to prison for committing a crime(s), in theory, sounds logical and would serve as a deterrent. However, in reality and as evidenced by several studies, prison does not act as a deterrent. The rate of recidivism in one study suggests it is declining. However, the table on page 426 shows Tennessee at 45% in 2009 (Bethel, 2014). In 2015, the rate is holding steady at ~50% over the last five years (information obtained from the state sub-cabinet on Public Safety – information to be released after the legislative session takes up the Governor’s criminal justice bill). Either way, recidivism appears to be holding steady, suggesting that prison is not an effective deterrent. Rehabilitation also has poor success stories. One element