Rethinking North-South Relations and Global Justice

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This paper consists of two parts, and is grounded on the thematic analysis of “Rethinking North-South Relations and Global Justice”. Part I consists of summarizing and assessing the arguments of three articles written by Don Wells (2009), Julien Mercille (2013), and Illan Kapoor (2013). Part II consists of an examination of an independent case study written by Nathan Farrell (2012). The purpose of this paper is threefold. First, it will summarize and assess the arguments of three articles. Secondly, it will examine the article (case study) by Farrell (2012) with the thematic focus and, in conjunction with the arguments made by the three authors. Finally, it will disclose, whether the case study investigation confirm or challenge the arguments raised by Wells (2009), Mercille (2013), and Kapoor (2013). The transnationalisation of production from the North to the South, often has a negative impact on the global labour standards. Although, both North and South are playing a major role to balance the labour standard. As an illustration, Wells (2009) talks about “race to the bottom” a theoretical phenomenon whereby, it is assumed that multinationals invest in countries with lower regulatory standards (William 191), such as the Northern investment in the global South. This phenomenon is shifting power away from workers to employers, and as a result, it downgrades the labor standards in the South. Especially in the garment, athletic footwear, consumer electronics and other global industries (567-68). However, Northern initiatives such as, transnational corporations’ (TNCs) labour-oriented “corporate social responsibility" (CSR) policies has little effect on the labour standard enforcement, because of structural shortcomings. For an exam... ... middle of paper ... ...en third world considered a dumping ground (hazardous materials and e-waste). At the same time the West tends to come forward to save the “third world” (through the Western celebrities) (45). Indeed, it is not a win-win situation for the West and Africa, rather it is a Western initiative to take over the real Africa. Works Cited Olney, William W., 2013. A race to the bottom? Employment protection and foreign direct investment, Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 191-203. Rodríguez-Garavito, C. (January 01, 2005). Global Governance and Labor Rights: Codes of Conduct and Anti-Sweatshop Struggles in Global Apparel Factories in Mexico and Guatemala. Politics & Society, 33, 2, 203-333. King, J. D. D. (2010). Awakening of global consciousness: A guide to self-realization and spirituality. S.l.: Authorhouse.

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