Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1999 ed. "Nominalism." Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1999 ed.
Whichever the Way. Pg. 536-539) Presbey Gail M., and Karsten J. Struhl, and Richard E. Olsen, The Philosophical Quest: A Cross-Cultural Reader, United States of America: McGraw-Hill, 2000. (Thomas Hobbes. Human Nature as Competitive.
How is Marxism in essence an economic theory of social relations, politics and revolution? Lets first look at what Marxism means. It is the thought that class struggle is essential in understanding societies oppression of the bourgeois under capitalism to a socialist society and eventually into a classless society. We look at Marxism to understand why we have inequalities within social relations, politics and revolutions. When there is a divide in economics in a society people strive for equality and we see this happen through revolutions.
Marx’s Alienation of Labour There is deep substance and many common themes that arose throughout Marx’s career as a philosopher and political thinker. A common expressed notion throughout his and Fredrick Engels work consists of contempt for the industrial capitalist society that was growing around him during the industrial revolution. Capitalism according to Marx is a “social system with inherent exploitation and injustice”. (Pappenheim, p. 81) It is a social system, which intrinsically hinders all of its participants and specifically debilitates the working class. Though some within the capitalist system may benefit with greater monetary gain and general acquisition of wealth, the structure of the system is bound to alienate all its participants.
Basically my understanding of Marxism is the opposite of what capitalism provides a society. My new profound knowledge of Marxism greatly expands on these ideas. According to Merriam-Webster the definition of Marxism is the political, economic and social theories that includes the belief that the struggle between social classes is a major force in history and that there should eventually be a society in which there are no classes. The class struggle I reference is in regards to the economic relations between the classes. The classes are broken down into the working class and the ruling/owning class.
Most significantly over the “over-concentration” on economic relationships and attributing all conflicts to economic causes as well as excessively critical and pessimistic view of capitalism policy. Yet, the brilliance of Marx's analysis of capitalism and its effects on workers, on capitalists themselves, and on entire sociocultural systems can’t be denied. Marx grasped its origin, structure, and workings. He then predicted with an astonishing degree of accuracy its immediate evolutionary path. Today, we see instances of this ‘class struggle’ manifesting itself across countries.
In the first section entitled “Bourgeois and Proletarians,” Marx expounds on his view of the past as the “history of class struggles” (Tucker, 473). He introduces in the first few sentences the key division of the oppressor and the oppressed. For his purposes, the oppressor is considered the dominant class in a society, and the oppre... ... middle of paper ... ... productive he becomes is crucial in understanding the basic failing points of capitalism. Marx rails against capitalism as rendering the proletarian equivalent to merely “an appendage of the machine.” This oppression does not end in the workplace, with landlords and other merchants being cited as further instruments in completing the circle of bourgeois oppression. Works Cited Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels.
This potential, however, came into conflict with the capitalist social structure tha... ... middle of paper ... ...rxism discourages the unjust act made by the bourgeoisie against the proletarians, which can be transcended to modern time’s capitalists and the working class in order to bring relevance to the topic. Everyday, the class division within the economy infused with race and gender inequality becomes more apparent as a dominating global threat to the international society’s stability. Marxism maintains its presence today by addressing this problem at its roots, acting as a “living set of ideas that helps to better understand the world”, according to Alan Maass, an editor of the Socialist Worker Newspaper. Marx’s parting words etched on his grace is, “The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it”.
By David L. Levinson, Peter W. Cookson, and Alan R. Sadovnik. New York: RoutledgeFalmer, 2002. Print. Moreno, Pamela Barta. “The History Of Affirmative Action Law And Its Relation To College Admission.” Journal Of College Admission 179 (2003): 14-21.