Resilience Training

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As bullying continues to rise amongst children of all ages, it is absolutely crucial to not only find out what implications being victimized have on a child, but also find possible ways to eliminate the negative outcomes they endure. Current research has already gathered an abundance of information surrounding the effects bullying has on its victims. One area of current focus on bullying and victimization is the health effects. Serious negative mental, emotional and physical health outcomes have been discovered. Now based on this information, researchers need to push forward and try to find ways to decrease the negative outcomes not simply look at what the effects of bullying are.

Multiple studies have found that bullying has consequences on the victims’ emotional and mental health. Children who fall victim to bullying display higher levels of depression, anxiety, and a higher likelihood of developing behavioural issues than children who are not victims of bullying (Yang, Kim, Kim, Shin, & Yoon, 2005). Children also report feeling isolated from others leading them to feel alone (Houbre, Tarquinio, Thuillier, & Hergott, 2006). These negative effects can have a lasting effect on a child’s development and follow them into adulthood.

Not only do victims of bullying showing severe emotional and mental health issues, but new research suggests that bullying may have a much bigger impact on a child’s health than we previously realized. Children who indicate that they are victimized show more negative physical health outcomes, along with the emotional and mental health issues. Results from recent research indicate that common symptoms children who are victimized report range from headaches, dizziness, and stomachaches to nausea, high ...

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...ffects, and the importance of defiance theory in explanation and prevention. Victims & Offenders, 3(2-3), 289-312. doi:10.1080/15564880802143397

Wilkins-Shurmer, A., OCallaghan, M. J., Najman, J. M., Bor, W., Williams, G. M., & Anderson, M. J. (2003). Association of bullying with adolescent health-related quality of life. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 39(6), 436-441. doi:10.1046/j.1440-1754.2003.00184.x

Woods, S., & Wolke, D. (2004). Direct and relational bullying among primary school children and academic achievement. Journal of School Psychology, 42(2), 135-155. doi:10.1016/j.jsp.2003.12.002

Yang, S., Kim, J., Kim, S., Shin, I., & Yoon, J. (2006). Bullying and victimization behaviors in boys and girls at south korean primary schools. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 45(1), 69-77. doi:10.1097/01.chi.0000186401.05465.2c

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