In 1583, Galileo went into the University of Pisa to study medicine, with very high intelligence and knowledge, he became very fascinated with an extraordinary amount of subjects, mainly mathematics and physics, he told his father he did not want to be a doctor. He was exposed to the Aristotelian view of the world and was intent to be a university professor. Unfortunately, due to financial reasons he declined from the college. A year later Galileo enrolled into the University of Padua for the degree he pursued in the University of Pisa. He graduated from Padua and became a professor teaching geometry, mathematics and astronomy until 1610.
He was an Italian mathematician, physicist, and astronomer who observed planets such as moon, Jupiter with telescopes, and contributed modern physics and astronomy’s improvements to the dynamic research. He was also known as father of science, who was in part of the Scientific Revolution. He supported Copernicanism who announced heliocentric theory in the past. His observations about heliocentric theory were one of the biggest issues during 15 century to 16 century. His formulation of inertia, the law of falling bodies, and parabolic trajectories marked the beginning of a fundamental change in the study of motion.
He read books on geometry by Descartes, algebra books by John Wallis, and eventually developed the binomial theorem which was a shortcut in multiplying binomials (Margaret, 46). Newton was 22 at this time and he was already going beyond other people's thinking.... ... middle of paper ... ...e began by mastering mathematics. He developed calculus in order for him to find the rate of change of objects. He learned about light and colors, which lead to his invention of the refracting telescope. He was the man that finally built a model of astronomy and physics and in doing so, brought together the work of Kepler and Galileo and of course his own findings on gravity (Margaret, 90).
He is remembered as the father of astronomy and remains one of the most competent scientists in the field (Andrade, 1964). This essay will explore Galileo’s observation of the contradiction in Aristotle’s reasoning through mathematics, his struggle between church and science, as well as his contribution to astronomy with the invention of the telescope. Galileo came up with a very different approach in viewing the motion of falling objects. Unlike Aristotle, who viewed motion in terms of nature, Galileo focused strictly on the mathematical aspects (Finocchiaro, 1975). Galileo once said, “The universe cannot be read until we have learnt... ... middle of paper ... ...owledge consisted in observations and experiments.
His contributions ranged from the science of motion, astronomy, strength of materials, and of course the scientific method. His creation of inertia and the law of the falling bodies started the changes to the study of motion. The telescope opened up so many doors for Galileo and with that piece of equipment his discoveries were limitless. In 1609 his astronomical discoveries and observations started. Galileo is most known for his discoveries that he turned into a book, The Starry Messenger.
He refused to obey orders from Rome to terminate discussions of his theories and was sentenced to life imprisonment. Galileo's theories and inventions that were thought to be unconventional are now the baseline of modern science today. The life of Galileo Galilei began in Pisa, Italy on February 15, 1564. His family was of lower nobility, which did not hinder the greatness he was to later achieve. Galileo began his early education at the Pisan School of Jacopo Borghini, where he showed an interest in mechanics.
In 1581, Galileo went to the University of Pisa to study medicine, the field his father wanted him to peruse. While at the University of Pisa, Galileo discovered his interest in Physics and Mathematics; he switched his major from medicine to mathematics. In 1585, he decided to leave the university without a degree to pursue a job as a teacher. He spend four years looking for a job; during this time, he tutored privately and wrote on some discoveries that he had made. In 1589, Galileo was given the job of professor of Mathematics at the University of Pisa.
While there, he studied medicine and the philosophy of Aristotle until 1585. During these years at the university, he realized that he never really had any interest in medicine but that he had a talent for math. It was in 1585 that he convinced his father to let him leave the university and come home to Florence. Back in Florence, he spent his time as a tutor and began to doubt the Aristotle’s philosophy. In 1589, he was made professor of mathematics at the University of Pisa where he attended school.
Out of all of his accomplishments, Galileo’s most notable achievement was his improvement of the “spyglass”, telescope, in 1609. Galileo set up a telescope on his rooftop in Padua and made some incredible observations. He was able to see the moons of Jupiter, the phases of Venus, sunspots, and the moon’s surface. He issued The Starry Messenger in 1610, Letters on Sunspots in 1613 and was put in the position of Mathematician and philosopher to the Grand Duke of Tuscany. In 1610 the majority of Galil... ... middle of paper ... ...ed a role because new things are being discovered all the time.
During this time he became intrigued with scientific experiments and explored many areas of science. At this time he made many landmark discoveries and uncovered many things related to astronomy and physics. One of his achievements at this time was in 1595 Galileo had taken a compass design invented by Niccolo Tartaglia and Guidobaldo del Monte. By 1598 he had then improved it changing it making it more accurate it was a geometric and military compass which by today’s standards would be suitable for use by gunners and surveyors. Another invention during this time period actually invented by... ... middle of paper ... ... was used later by Christian Huygens in 1650 to make the first fully operational pendulum clock.