Research on History of Vietnam

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Research on History of Vietnam

To start with Vietnam was in the control of the French, they had

gained control of it in 1883. They took charge of all the natural

resources in Vietnam and added it to there empire.

In 1940 Japan demanded the right to place Vietnam under military

occupation. The French could not refuse as they were in WWII and they

did not have the strength to fight the Vietnamese.

By 1940 two parties had been formed; the Indochinese communist party

and the national party. The two parties united and formed the

Vietminh. The Vietminh was formed to create opposition to the

Japanese. The Japanese bombed houses burnt crops and killed innocent

people. The USA supplied the Vietminh with weapons to fight the

Japanese. Ho Chi Minh used the weapons and aid the Americans gave them

to strengthen the communist section of the Vietminh.

The Ho Chi Minh led Vietminh were fighting against the French for

control of North Vietnam. They used guerrilla tactics which as they

were on home soil the French found very difficult to fight against.

In December 1953 the French set up a massive base at Dien Bien Phu in

an attempt to lure the Vietminh into a bombardment of French gunfire.

However the French’s plan backfired on them. As they were setting up

this base the Vietminh had surrounded the French with trenches and

soldiers. Instead of the full frontal assault that General Navarre,

the French commander, had expected the Vietminh were attacking from

all around them. By the time of the battle the Vietminh surrounding

Dien Bien Phu were 70,000 strong which was 5 the amount the French had

in the middle. On March 13, 1954, The Vietmin...

... middle of paper ...

... Johnson the excuse to bomb the north, on the 11th of

February 1965 the US and the ARVN started bombing industrial targets

such as bridges, railway lines and roads. This gave the Americans

great confidence that the end of the conflict was near but they were

still not allowed to bomb Hanoi and Haiphong, Vietnam’s largest cities

for fear of angering the Soviet Union.

Not long after this 3500 marines were sent to the airbase of Danang

and they were no longer called ‘advisors’ they were soldiers. This is

when the Americans started to take control of the war effort. This was

lead by Lieutenant General William Westmoreland.

In December 1964 there were 16000 US soldiers in South Vietnam in 1966

there were 268000 and by 1968 thee were more than 500000. The US was

too heavily involved in the mess of Vietnam to back out now.

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