Research: Political Efficacy and Expected Political Participation among Lower and Upper Secondary Students

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The sampling method of the researchers was a simple, yet extensive questionnaire with responses that did not extend past the boundaries of the children’s literacy abilities. **A sample of the questionnaire is listed below (van Deth et al, 167)**

Political Knowledge

Indicator: Question wording and responses:

Politicians/Parties/Laws Have you ever heard about Politicians/Parties/Laws? Yes/No.

Chancellor Do you know this man [Picture of Gerhard Schröder who was German chancellor at both survey time points is shown]? Yes/No.

Access to power Do you know how to become a chancellor? A lot of money/ a lot of muscles/ an election/ don’t know.

Function chancellor Who is this man? [referring to the picture of Schröder again] Is he a mayor?/ a chancellor?/ a king?/ don’t know.

Power in Germany Who has the power in Germany? Is it the king?/ the mayor?/ the chancellor?/ don’t know.

Task of politicians What do you think politicians basically do? They coach a soccer team/ they decide on the nation and take care of it/ they regulate the traffic/ don’t know.

Political Issues

Indicator: Question wording and responses:

Pollution Have you heard about a polluted nature? Yes/No.

Famine Have you heard about some people not having enough to eat? Yes/No.

War Have you heard about some people who are at war with some others? Yes/No.

Unemployment Have you heard about some people who would like to work but could not find a job? Yes/No.

Migration Have you heard about some people from other country moving to our country? Yes/No.

Terror Have you heard about terrorist attacks in some countries? Yes/No.

Notions of Good Citizenship

Imagine the boss of Germany or another important person coming to your town and awarding people for being...

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...ssment of Early Political Socialization, May 2014, Web, Figure 1.

Van Deth J, Abendschon S, Vollmar M. Chart. Factor Structures of Political Knowledge. Children and Politics: An Empirical Reassessment of Early Political Socialization, May 2014, Web, Table 1.

Van Deth J, Abendschon S, Vollmar M. Chart. Factor Structures of Political Problems and Issues. Children and Politics: An Empirical Reassessment of Early Political Socialization, May 2014, Web, Table 2.

Van Deth J, Abendschon S, Vollmar M. Chart. Factor Structures of Notions of Good Citizenship. Children and Politics: An Empirical Reassessment of Early Political Socialization, May 2014, Web, Table 3.

Van Deth J, Abendschon S, Vollmar M. Chart. The Impact of Major Antecedents on Political Orientations. Children and Politics: An Empirical Reassessment of Early Political Socialization, May 2014, Web, Table 4.

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