Research Paper

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4.3.4 Women in Municipal Councils Municipal councils have existed since the beginnings of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, but women`s involvement in these councils was only achieved in the last two decades. The Amman Municipality had first a woman in its council in 1980, and the council had a total number of 12 members. The Law no. 29 of Municipalities of 1982 had granted women the right to elect and run for membership in the municipal councils. Jordanian women remained distant from the municipal council until 1995, when HRH Princess Basma Bint Talal, the Chairperson of Jordanian National Commission of Women, proposed the appointment of 99 women as members in 99 municipalities within the municipal committees that the government had formed to prepare for the municipal elections, which were scheduled to be conducted in all of the Kingdom`s governorates in one day. In those elections, 19 women were nominated and 9 of them won seats in municipal councils, one woman candidate won the presidency of a municipal council. In 1999, after the experience of the previous elections, 8 women out of 43 women candidates won, while 25 women were appointed. Unfortunately the number of women that won seats decreased severely, and in 2003, 46 women participated in the elections and only 5 women won, while 99 women were appointed as members in the various municipal councils. The number of women in municipal councils, whether elected or appointed registered 104 women out of a total 1050 members of municipal council, including three women in the Greater Amman Municipality council. In 2007 was created the quota system in the municipal elections, and 20% of the municipal council`s seats were allocated for women and to be occupied by the women candidates w... ... middle of paper ... ...is for families not for individual in order to impact decision-making. Results bellow are the top five parties that won seats in the parliament: No. No. of List The National List Name Votes received Seat Received 1 23 Islamic Centrist Party 114.458 3 2 42 Stronger Jordan 100.159 2 3 31 Watan 94.682 2 4 40 National Unity Party 68.149 2 5 8 Tayar Alwatani 48.970 1 Results bellow - of the women that won seats in the parliament under quota system: No. Representative Governorate/District 1 Naayem Eidat Amman 2 Fatima Abu abtah Irbit 3 Amneh Ghawaair Balqa 4 Hamdiyeh Qwaidar Karak 5 Faten Khleifat Ma`an 6 Rudaina Ati Zarqa 7 Reem Abu Dalbouh Mafraq 8 Insaf Khawaldeh Tafilah 9 Falak Jamani Madaba 10 Najat Azzeh Jerash 11 Kholoud Khatatbeh Ajloun 12 Tamam Riyati Aqaba 13 Miasar Sardiyeh Northern Badia 14 Hind Fayez Central Badia 15 Shaha Abu Shosheh Southern Badia
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