The main difference to be made between Shiite and Sunni hadiths is that in Shiism the traditions are not limited to those of the Prophet, but include those of the Imams as well. I will explain more of the distinctions later on. The difference between the two religions is still hard to distinguish even with easy to understand books like the Encyclopedia of World Faiths. There, the author of the article is aware that there is some difference between Shiism and Sunnism on the question of which hadiths are included, but he thinks that it lies in the fact that the Shiite collections accept "only traditions traced through 'Ali's family." But this is incorrect, since a lot of traditions are also gotten through other sources.
Within Islam, there are sects, namely Sunni and Shi’a, and within those sects are different schools of thought. Salafism (from the word salaf, meaning to “follow” or “precede”) is a movement, rooted in Sunni Islam, based on a literalist, fundamentalist interpretation of Islam. These Muslims rely solely on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions as guides for correct Islamic practice. Everything else, they deem impure innovation. Following the same ideology, but specific to Saudi Arabia, is Wahhabism.
According to The Constitutional Rights Foundation website, Muhammad helped clarify the law by interpreting provisions in the Koran and acting as a judge in legal cases. Furthermore Islamic law, or Sharia law became an important part of the Muslim religion. Sharia most literally means “path” in Arabic, and guides all aspects of Muslim life. Sharia law followers will look to Sharia law for every aspect of their lives, whether it be who they should or should not invite over for dinner, or marry or how they should act in a certain situation. Muslims who recognize Sharia law to be the ultimate guide to their lives look to it for everything they need guidance or help with.
And the Koran, in regard to governing, advises governing with the consent of the governed. Religions are replete with multiple narratives and several interpretations of almost every facet of a faith. Islam is no different: it is a religion concerned with salvation, not a political ideology competing with capitalism and democracy.The prophet Muhammad bequeathed to us no fixed system of government, but taught Muslims the importance of justice and equality, and of eliminating corruption and bringing rulers to account. The Koran commands Muslims to decide on matters with “shura” or consultation... ... middle of paper ... ... to effectively assert their rights, and in some countries young people are agitating against government oppression. This leaves many Islamic countries with the hope of democracy spreading from Egypt and into the Middle East.
Although Islam and Confucianism represent two totally different worldviews, they have similar characteristics, which provide a potential idea, that both can be from a common source. Mirza Tahir Ahmad, who was a Caliph in Ahmadiyya Muslim community, supported this idea in his book “Revelation, Nationality, Knowledge & Truth”. He supports his idea saying, “All humans are God’s creation; it stands to reason that God not only guided people in the Middle East through Abrahamic prophets. He also guided other people through prophets like Confucius, Buddha and Zoroaster.” His claim is based on the existence of common themes between Islamic and Confucian teachings. Another supporting evidence is that God in one of the verses of Quran in which He was talking to prophet Mohamed, He told him: “And certainly We sent messengers before you: there are some of them that We have mentioned to you and there are others whom We have not mentioned to you ...” (Al-Ghafir Verse-78).
Those who are part of the Islamic community are required to embrace and maintain God’s law. As Bernard Lewis asserts, “In the experience of the first Muslims, as preserved and recorded for later generations, religious truth political power were indissolubly associated: the first sanctified the send, the second sustained the first. The Ayatollah Khomeini remarked that ‘Islam is politics or it is nothing.’” (Lewis pg. 6) Furthermore, “most would agree that God is concerned... ... middle of paper ... ... John Kelsay Journal of Church and State; Winter 2011; 53, 1; ProQuest Direct Complete pg. 5 http://listserv.ccp.edu:2192/hww/results/external_link_maincontentframe.jhtml?_DARGS=/hww/results/results_common.jhtml.44 http://www.cfr.org/religion/islam-governing-under-sharia/p8034 http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/viewSubCategory.asp?id=774 http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/9806/danpre.html Islamic Law and American Courts.
It is based on the Quran and on the views of the prophet” (Jelloun 100). It is a law that governs the believer’s conducts and lifestyle. It regulates the believer on what to do and what not to do. The severity of the law in some Islamic societies, however, has drawn criticism and has made people from other religious sects wary of the religion itself. This is because we now live in a modernized society.
b) Sunni Muslims accept this Hadith as Sahih (authentic). The Hadith of al-Quran and Sunnah is used by the Sunnis to stress importance of following the Sunnah. (Yaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani, Islamic Beliefs & Doctorine According to Ahl al-Sunna, As-Sunna Foundation of America, 1996, p.242) c) Accept all the hadith narrated by Bukhari and Muslims and other hadith books. 2. Shia a) They had argument on the truth of the al-Quran and accused that al-Quran have devia... ... middle of paper ... ...ussion concluded whereas faith practiced by the Shia obviously been in conflict with the faith that underpinned by Sunni.
In his book ' 'The Prophet’s Methods of Correcting People’s Mistakes ' ' Muhammed Al-Munajjid explins for readers the prophet Muhammed ways of correcting people’s mistakes, and he emphasizes the importance of learning about Islam for muslims. Muhammad Almunajjid is a sunni sheikh from Saudi Arabia, he counts on the salfi group sheikhs. Muslims follow their prophet in every thing, and their second source after Quran is sunnah which is the prophet own life- example as Ayoub mentioned. However, the author mentioned some points to be noted when dealing with people, such as confirmed the importance of sincerity towards Allah, and he emphasized on two of the prophet’s method in correcting people’s mistakes which are explaining the ruling (hukm)
The Al-Umm focuses on legal material in jurisprudence and the Al-Risᾱla focuses on four main sources: the Quran, the Sunnah of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), consensus of scholars within the Muslim community, and Qiyas or analogical deduction (El Shamsey, 199-200). Through these teachings of law, al-Shafi’i introduced a completely unique perspective of the Islamic legal thought to Sunni Muslims and revolutionized the study of fiqh. Before the revolutionary idea of systematic legal reasoning was introduced by Imam al-Shafi’i, the society followed sharῑ’a and opposed such an idea but soon it became permanent. Sharῑ’a is an Islamic legal theory that derived from a high divine source and embodied God’s justice and will and at the time mirrored the society’s character. Jurists believed in this theory for generations and believed the idea of syste... ... middle of paper ... ... al-Shafi’i has contributed politically to society on being the creation of Pakistan (El Shamsey, 5-10).