Research Paper

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2.1.2 Religious perspective: Islamic memory, women interpretation of the Quran Islam has been for many times under intense investigation, especially by women and their volition to promote gender equality, its culture of peace and social justice. Fatima Mernissi has a major contribution and has explored the gender roles from theoretical to concrete fundamental matters of the condition of women. She described that the state supported inequality in prescribing women activities and rights, also goes on to look at the position of feminist in Islamic thought and history and the construction of the femininity in the Muslim unconscious. Fatima Mernissi analysed some of the Quranic formulations of gender and demonstrates the partisan collective Islamic memory. G. Karmi, in her article Feminist, Islam and Patriarchalism calles for independent reasoning in contemporary times, identifying several aspects of Islamic law that need to be re-interpreted as they have been formulated in a patriarchal Arab society in which the views and roles of women are not significantly from today`s time. Karmi advocates also for rights and access to their children after divorce, financial status. She discusses the misconception that women in pre-Islamic times was very bad treated, and the text of the Holy Quran must be read in its historical and social contexts, and readapted to the context of the present time. Amina Wadud provides an interpretation of the Quran and her voice brings out the gender equality, and partisan verses of the sacred texts, that have been misunderstood and kept feminist oppressed. She writes down specific words and verses which have been used to limit feminist`s public and private roles, or the use of violence. Her analysis reveals... ... middle of paper ... ...lims came to read inequality as patriarchy and the Quran to prove existing religious structures and demonstrates that the patriarchal meanings ascribed to the Quran, are a function of who was reading it, how, and in what contexts. She goes on to assert that Quran affirms the complete equality of sexes, thereby offering an opportunity to theorize sexual equality from within the framework of its teachings. This is a new overview that takes reader into the heart of Islamic teachings on feminist, gender and patriarchy, allowing them to understand Islam through its sacred meaning, rather than through Islamic cultural features or Western media stereotypes. Today new interpretations of the Quran are widely accepted as an important means to further gender-egalitarian laws and programs in Muslim states and communities, as reflecting a reforming view toward feminists values.
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