The researcher is expected to comprehend the assumptions underlying the different methods and also to know the criteria which will enable the researcher to decide that a particular technique or a procedure is applicable to his research methods. It is highly important therefore that the researcher designs his methodology to effectively address the research problem. The research methodology has therefore different dimensions and research methods are part and parcel of the research methodology. The scope that is available for research methodology is naturally far and wide when compared with the methods of research. The research methodology considers the logic behind the methods so that the conclusions of the research can be arrived at and evaluated.
Validity A research is valid to the world when a number of key concepts are used in the research design. The document must be organized and planned according to the criteria used in the field. Some important concepts to know include: validity, variable, operationalization, sample, measurement, measurement error, causation, plausible rival explanations, hypothesis, reliability, and unit of analysis. The researcher must learn how to apply each key concept in an effort to make the research study valuable. These concepts will be reviewed individually to be able to understand how to apply them when writing a research paper.
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.1. Introduction This chapter will explain chronological way to do the full research by using different research methodologies. The purpose of study will be explained by the appropriate philosophy in a right approach and the pattern of the reach will be discussed by the researcher thoroughly in this chapter. This approach will be a combination of data collection procedures using both primary and secondary sources, sampling methods, strategy of the research. Every research has some limitations and this chapter will also discuss the limitation of the study by detecting it and comparing with different approaching methods which can be used.
It is also important to determine whether it starts from some existing theories or hypotheses. The research is conducted to prove whether or not these assumptions are true. 1.2.2 Research methods and reasons of chosen them for research purpose After establishing the research problem and what results are wanted, it will define how it will find the answers. Research is a form of collection and interpretation of information that will form the basis of finding answers to questions. The research uses theories and methods that h... ... middle of paper ... ...search process (Kumar, 2011).
As the last part, the discussion will mainly focus on how the research proceeds under the framework applied and the what kind of implications have been suggested by this research concerning the practice of textbooks designing. Points related to theory-driven and data-driven would be covered in this process to illustrate the relationship between the theory the the research. Together, the intention of this paper is to dive under the apparent research procedures and findings in the article provided by the author. That is to say, to see deeper into how the author would do the research in this way and what is leading such choices. 1.What is behind the methodology and methods In this part, the author's philosophical assumptions latent beneath the methodology and method.
This research is about and how it will be done before the standards of a large amount of thought necessary. 3.2 Research process: Learn something for the collection, compilation and dissemination of knowledge is inquiry. We can choose to use quantitative methods, qualitative methods, or simultaneously, depending on the object and purpose of the study. Because this study to deepen people's intention is to better understand and surrounding areas, qualitative research method is the most important objectives. Has already been the Strategic Research and data collection search tool in the investigation of the case and the choice of meeting the goals and purposes of this study have been identified and focused on the design.
The evaluation of the philosophical debate in the area of the mixed-methods approach does not only consider the data collection process, but rather covers the whole research process, beginning with the very conceptualization of the subject to be studied. This paper therefore describes what mixed-methods entails and the philosophical issues that must be dealt with as a researcher makes the decision to use this approach, as opposed to using either a quantitative or a qualitative approach. As Leech and Onwuegbusie (2009) explain, mixed methods involves carrying out the whole research project, including collecting, analyzing, and interpreting quantitative and qualitative data in the same study (p. 265). However these authors contend that the
Desjardins (2010) states a theoretical framework is a logically structured representation of the concepts, variables, and relationships involved in a specific study with the purpose of clearly identifying what will be explored, examined, measured or described. The theoretical framework introduces and describes the theory that clarifies the reason for the research problem. The information found in the theoretical framework expresses to the reader why the research problem was chosen, provides a clear hypothesis and gives a description of the theory. In short, the theoretical framework serves as a guide to why the research problem is significant and how the research problem will be investigated. The theoretical framework is an important component of a research problem.
There are different factors that you have to consider while framing a research question. Research question is a key to planning and carrying out a successful research project. Research question should be clear, purposeful, answerable, and coherent. Therefore, researchers should consider the following factors when designing research question. 1.
Research philosophy, refers to the development of knowledge adopted by the researchers in their research (Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill, 2009). In other words, it is the theory that used to direct the researcher for conducting the procedure of research design, research strategy, questionnaire design and sampling (Malhotra, 2009). It is very important to have a clear understanding of the research philosophy so that we could examine the assumptions about the way we view the world, which are contained in the research philosophy we choose, knowing that whether they are appropriate or not (Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill, 2009). According to Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill (2009), three major ways of thinking about research philosophy are examined: ontology, epistemology and axiology. Each of them carries significant differences which will have an impact on the way we consider the research procedures.