Blues and Jazz played a tremendous role in bringing out new music genres during that time. One of those was the big rock craze. Elvis Presley was one of the biggest recording artists of that time period (PBS 1). He helped to start the big rock craze of the 50s. His first big break was a song known as Heartbreak Hotel (PBS 1).
B. King had his first hit song ,"3 O'clock Blues.'' The song was so successful, record producers signed the young man from his Memphis, Tenn. home and send him to New York City, where he shortened his stage name from Beale Street Blues Boy to "B.B.'' 	Over the past forty years, King has been called the master of blue using his many styles of gospel, jazz, and blues, which has influenced all blues and rock guitarists.
Eric Clapton Eric Clapton is an innovative guitarist, basically the first to combine blues and rock, which in turn popularized blues. Because of his skill and ever- evolving style, his music is a lasting contribution in itself. Eric Clapton made his recording debut with The Yardbirds, the British group that also featured guitar virtuosos Jimmy Page and Jeff Beck. Together, they created a whole new blues/rock sound that many of the famous ‘60s and ‘70s bands copied. Clapton left The Yardbirds when he felt the band strayed too far from their blues roots towards pop music.
These bands soon created a jazz and blues hybrid sound. One of the first musicians to combine jazz and blues was Louis Jordan who originated the “jump blues”, an up-tempo, hard driving, blues-based dance music (Kallen, 2012, 14). Jordan’s jump blues inspired many musicians including Wynonie Harris, an R&B singer that is credited with pioneering rock in roll in 1947. Shortly after jump blues bands started playing their music it evolved into something closer to rock. Bill Haley officially made the new genre “rock” music when his song “(Were Gonna) Rock Around the Clock” appeared in the movie Blackboard Jungle in 1955, breaking rock into the mainstream (Kallen, 2012, 14).
He played a large role in finding the crossover from blues to rock & roll, inspiring many rock & roll acts. Famous elements of rock music can be traced back to Bo Diddley and his well-known song “Who Do You Love.” The band, Quicksilver Messenger Service did a cover of this song, making it fit their original style but still respecting Diddley’s music. This created a rock dialogue with Bo Diddley by incorporating similar musical rhythms and styles. However, the musical discrepancies among QMS and Diddley version echo the cultural transformation in the sixties; Quicksilver Messenger Service highlights this shift from conformity to counterculture by using wild distortion, dynamic changes, and a strange structure instead of rhythmic and uniform sounds. Bo Diddley was a rhythm and blues artist who used this original style and inventions to transition to rock & roll.
Presley had some of the most unforgettable and also unpredictable singles in of the 1950s and 60s (Comprehensive History of Elvis Presley’s Dynamic Life). According to the New York Times article “25 Years Later, Elvis Rolls On,” written by Jon Pareles (2002), Elvis didn’t invent rock and roll but he was the one who made the music larger than life. He set off rock n roll’s conquest of popular culture, enlarging his views of country and blues, pop and gospel with star presence and a jolt of sexuality (Pareles, 2002). On January 8, 1935 Elvis Aron Presley was born in Tupelo, Mississippi to Vernon and Gladys Presley. He later changed the spelling of his middle name to Aaron using the biblical form (biography.com).
Great Rock Musicians: Their Achievements and Effect on Rock and Roll The blues are undeniably the roots of early rock and roll. Rock today has mutated so much that the basic blues patterns have been all but lost. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the birth of, and evolution of rock and roll by focusing on three of the arguably greatest rock musicians of the sixties and seventies. The origin of the blues can be traced to the emancipation of the slaves in the rural black areas of the south, where most of the people worked on share- cropping farms. Musically the blues are defined as a 12-bar chord progression, harmonized with the corresponding scales and patterns.
Wexler was much more than a top executive — he was a national tastemaker and a prophet of roots and rhythm. The impact of his deeds matched his larger-than-life personality. Because of him, we use the term "rhythm and blues" and we hail Ray Charles as "Genius" and Aretha Franklin as "Queen." We came to know of a record label called Stax and a small town called Muscle Shoals, Alabama. (Kahn, 2008).