The history of cheerleading is connected to the development of sports in the United States and crowd participation at athletic events. In 1869, the first American football college game took place at Rutgers University against Princeton University in Piscataway, New Jersey. This was where cheerleading initially began. By the 1880s, the students at Princeton formed an all-male student “pep club” to lead chants and yells in order to support their team and create an exciting sports environment. To motivate their team, people in the stands would yell encouragements such as "Tiger, Tiger, Sis, Sis, Sis!"
Then there was my favorite, hitting a stunt all of your friends thought was impossible. After hearing girls scream in joy while you are smiling and waving because you cannot believe it happened either made me realize we all had the same passion; Cheerleading. These few instances of my life made my world spin. I spent twenty-one hours in a gym every week from November until March twenty-fourth when I tore my ACL. My desire for success was at such an all-time high, and I realize now that I pushed myself both mentally and physically over my
Before I cheered for my high school team, I cheered competitively. This is where I learned how hard work and determination is truly the key to success. I would have four, three hour practices a week on top of my school work. If I was not at school, I was at the gym, either at a practice or I was just there to work on a new skill by myself. Waking up on competition days was like nothing else because I knew that for two minutes and thirty seconds I was able to put on a show and entertain the ... ... middle of paper ... ...at.
The roots of cheerleading are very closely tied to one of America’s favorite sports, football. The first ever intercollegiate football game was in 1869 between Rutgers University: New Jersey and Princeton University. By the early 1880s, one of Princeton’s graduate students (Thomas Peebles) had created the first official all-male pep squad. In 1898, during a game between University of Minnesota and Princeton, a guy named Johnny Campbell saw Princeton’s pep squad and put together his own group of people to energize the players and the crowd. “Johnny picked up a megaphone and rallied the team to victory with the first organized cheer: “Rah, Rah, Rah!
I had been running track all through high school and was just about to start my senior season. I had never been great, but good enough to make states last year in the middle distances. Up until this year our only coaches were your typical, out of shape, over the hill, middle aged women who only coached track because they were either mean old biddies who liked to boss around young women or were athletes themselves before they let themselves go and now wanted to relive their fantasies of victory through our hard work and sweat. This spring though, things changed. We had a student teacher that offered to help out with the track team.
People started pep clubs and would go to the games and get the players and the fans excited about the game. The first college that had a pep club was University Of Minnesota. At this time it was an all men group, and would be for the next twenty-five years, but as time went on in 1923 the University of Minnesota would introduce the first female cheerleader. Later in the 1940 most men would no longer be cheerleader. All the men would be off to fight for their country, in World War II.
Cheerleaders practice nonstop. During stunting cheerleaders get hit, slapped, kicked,... ... middle of paper ... ... It's getting more and more creative.” Cheerleaders deserve just as much respect as the basketball and football players. Some college cheerleaders admitted that the yearly competitions are as challenging as any other sport they have ever played! At some schools the cheerleaders even go to the sports awards with the football and basketball players so why do so many people say cheerleading isn’t a sport?
Another form of cheerleading is competitive. This is where All-Star gyms compete against each other with a 2.5-minute routine. In these routines, the cheerleaders do intense tricks and stunting including tumbling, jumps, tosses and dancing. Whichever team in the division has the highest score wins the competition. This athletic display is often seen on FOX and ESPEN are proof that the standards of cheerleading have changed.
Obviously, cheering during the halftime of a football game or a basketball is not the same as competing in front of the best judges in the country but it does give the cheerleaders a taste of what competition is like. Sideline cheerleaders get a chance to compete every week compared to competitive cheerleaders who only compete every once and
After that, the idea spread across the country. In 1898, a medical student of the University of Minnesota named Johnny Campbell assembled a group to energize the team and the crowd with the first organized cheer: This set the stage for cheerleading to begin. In the 1960’s, cheerleaders were shaking pompoms, and doing toe-touch jumps, the splits, and claps to get the crowd to cheer for their team (Muller, 2009; Shields & Smith, 2009). The evolution of cheerleading to a sport was again developed by the University of Minnesota as the women became known for their athletic ability by including gymnastics in their routines. Cheerleading developed more showmanship and became more entertaining, and has evolved from service-oriented cheering on the sideline of o... ... middle of paper ... ...how injuries can be prevented.