This meant that lay people could now read the bible, understand it and make their own judgement upon the Catholic beliefs. This was important to the reformation as it not only bought ... ... middle of paper ... ...centralised government, Maximilian was not successful in doing so. This was partly due to other estates, which did not want to weaken their own power by strengthening his. Indeed, the territorial estates claimed to have responsibility for their subject's interests and defended their rights and privileges. By 1560 Europe had dramatically and fundamentally changed, the renaissance had a tremendous impact upon the way in which men thought and challenged beliefs.
The 1000 years of darkness refers to a period when the progression of culture and art reached a halt due to the Black Death as well as a feudalistic Europe. The Italians were able to re-educate themselves because manuscripts of Greek and Roman literature had been kept in the monasteries and church libraries. The Renaissance provided great cultural change, economic incent and modernization from the medieval time. This is mostly relevant within the elite class because of their interest in antiquity. During the 1500’s Northern Europe enters their “rebirth” through Italian guidance.
But humanism's classical learning alone cannot account for the immense changes that took place during these centuries; moreover, movements originating in the North also contributed to these changes. Therefore the term Renaissance has also come to denote the era in general and its overriding spirit, in which desires intrinsic to human nature, generally repressed under medieval feudalism, burst forth with new fervor and resulted in a new culture" (Osmond 18). The most conspicuous of these changes were in the world of art and intellectual pursuits. The social structure of Italy and the culturally defined gender roles were not as affected as art and architecture. ... ... middle of paper ... ...litical scientist" (Rhu 326).
First, after the decline of Rome the Italian scholars were fascinated by the sources found in Rome that this led them to find more Roman writings. Second were the influences from the Byzantine Empire after their fall the people began to grow more interest in classical Greece. ... ... middle of paper ... ...Rather than a period with definitive beginnings and endings and consistent content in between, the Renaissance can be seen as a movement of practices and ideas to which specific groups and identifiable persons variously responded in different times and places. It would be in this network of diverse, sometimes converging, sometimes conflicting cultures that the Renaissance changed our imagination and our view of how we see our world for all time. Works Cited Burckhardt, Jacob.
The 17th century was the era of the baroque style, characterized by energy, drama, and movement. The church in Rome needed art that spoke to its resurgent power even as the conflict between the protestant and Catholics continued. Baroque was basically a counter movement to the rising Protestantism. A visual language was needed to reemphasize and reestablish the catholic belief amongst people. Baroque art was an attempt to gain control over peoples thinking, to basically make them think and feel more deeply, which could have happened only though art.
Tess Erickson Ms. Griffin Core 3 5/11/14 The Renaissance The Renaissance was a period of “rebirth” and started with the citizens of Florence Italy, in Europe during the 1350s. Significant events brought an end to the Middle Ages, feudal life, and led to the start of the Renaissance era. The Middle Ages finally ended with the collapse of Rome in approximately 1450 A.D. Toward the end of the Middle Ages trade spread and the Silk Roads flourished with very active traders and merchants. This trading behavior brought new ideas and goods to a growing number of people. Other events occurred that also led up to this period, such as Humanism, the plague, and the Hundred Years War.
During the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, a revolutionary shift in the European cultural sphere placed human beings at the center of learning as the thoughts and artworks of man became infused with humanistic ideals. With time, such values, then held current in Italy, began to diffuse into other areas and produce each regions’ individual renaissance. Immediately following the Middle Ages, European civilization had begun to become characterized by interests in classical learning and values. This is evident in the very meaning of the term “renaissance”—rebirth. Italian artists and scholars viewed themselves as revitalizing the standards and achievements of classical Roman culture; some writers such as Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio studied Ancient Rome and Greece and sought to revive these cultures’ values, languages, and intellectual traditions after the long period of stagnation that trailed the fall of the Roman Empire.
Northern and Italian Baroque Art As the seventeenth century began the Catholic Church was having a hard time bringing back the people who were swept away by the protestant reformation. The conflict between the protestant had a big influence on art. (Baroque Art) The church decided to appeal to the human emotion and feeling. They did so by introducing a style called Baroque. Baroque was first developed in Rome and it was dedicated to furthering the aims of Counter Reformation.
The renaissance or “rebirth” was a cultural awakening which spanned from the fourteenth to sixteenth century. A growing interest in humanist traits and classical ideas heavily influenced the art during the renaissance. A growing community of artists provided much needed competition for their profession. The renaissance introduced many different and modern ideas but also remained obedient to classical belief. The unique art of the renaissance spread throughout Europe.
Towards the end of the fifteenth century, the eruption of great thinking and creativity began to cascade over places like England, France, Spain, and Germany. The concepts and beliefs behind the Renaissance were dispersed through the lands through many different mediums. For example, with the wealth of Italy stemming from the Renaissance, trade effectively exchanged ideas from country to country. This led artists from the north to travel down to Italy in quest of knowledge, wanting to learn the new styles and techniques. Italian artists also travelled northward, escaping a war that had broken out between Italian kingdoms.