Renaissance TOK

Satisfactory Essays
During the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, a revolutionary shift in the European cultural sphere placed human beings at the center of learning as the thoughts and artworks of man became infused with humanistic ideals. With time, such values, then held current in Italy, began to diffuse into other areas and produce each regions’ individual renaissance.
Immediately following the Middle Ages, European civilization had begun to become characterized by interests in classical learning and values. This is evident in the very meaning of the term “renaissance”—rebirth. Italian artists and scholars viewed themselves as revitalizing the standards and achievements of classical Roman culture; some writers such as Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio studied Ancient Rome and Greece and sought to revive these cultures’ values, languages, and intellectual traditions after the long period of stagnation that trailed the fall of the Roman Empire. Viewed as a royalty of antique customs, Renaissance art set the art of classical antiquity as its foundation, but renovated it with the influences of northern European art and the applications of contemporary scientific knowledge. Renaissance art spread throughout Europe parallel to the spread of Renaissance humanist philosophy, affecting both artists and patrons alike with the development of new artistic sensibilities and techniques. This component of the Renaissance marks the transition from the medieval period to the early modern age.
During the Middle Ages, the subject matter of almost all European art was religion, specifically that of Christianity and the Catholic Church. Although Renaissance artists continued to paint religious paintings, the art of this era diverged into other subjects, i...

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... paint. As patrons were willing to fund the arts, regardless of how controversial the subject matter. Many of these artists painted Greek myths, amongst other pagan topics, and generally experimented more; this set the precedent for art being more sensual and centered on secular life as opposed to the emphasis on the afterlife characteristic of medieval culture. The art then had become focused on inspiration and, as a result, the creators of the Renaissance constructed a procedural scaffolding that has remained with artists centuries after the period’s conclusion.
In addition to providing the foundation of our modern outlook on composition, there are also some current artworks that resemble those of the Renaissance. For instance, some this period’s styles are explicit in Tim Burton’s Alice in Wonderland. Both the modes of sfumato and unione are evident throughout.
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