To this, the Renaissance should not only be seen as an essential part of European history, but its ideals should also be credited philosophically for improving and influencing different developing societies through the ages. The Renaissance was a series of literary and cultural movements that began in Italy and spread into other parts of Europe in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries; however, the Renaissance may have extended before and beyond these centuries. The term renaissance means "rebirth," from the belief that Europeans rediscovered Greek and Roman, Classical, culture after many centuries of intellectual and Trapasso 2 cultural decline called the Middle Ages. Many philosophers from the Classical Period, along with the new philosophy of humanism, gave ideas that greatly contributed to the Renaissance. The Renaissance was affected by the Classical era in literature and art, curiosity and individualism, and culture.
The arrival of the Renaissance in Europe brought many developments that led to an entirely new political, economic, and social structure. During the 1400s and 1500s, there was a major change that took place in all aspects of life in Italy. The Renaissance period of the 1500s was a time of artistic wonders of inspiration that emphasized individual achievements, which gave individuals their own ideals to follow. Inspiration from the ancient Greek and Roman people led to humanist beliefs and encouraged men to have achievements in many areas. Recovery from disasters of the fourteenth century such as the plague, political instability, and a decline in Church power led to interests in ancient culture.
The historical context of the Renaissance and what it involved The renaissance was mainly a cultural movement which happened around between the 14th century and the 17th century. It began in Florence, Italy during the late middle ages and then spread around the whole of Europe. Renaissance can be labelled as a time when the interest for classical learning and values became a very big one. The renaissance era saw and witnessed the discoveries and also explorations of new continents, the replacement of the “Copernican” system of astronomy by the “Ptolemaic” system of astronomy, the ending of the medieval hierarchy system, the development and growth of commerce and it also saw the creation and application of many important inventions like paper, printing, a mariner’s compass and gunpowder. For the thinkers and also scholars of that age it was a time for the revival of classical learning and wisdom following an extended period of cultural decline and also inactivity.
The term, Renaissance, comes from the Latin word 'rinascere' that means to be reborn. The Renaissance was a great cultural movement - - a period of renewal, revival, and growth. The Renaissance began in Italy during the early 1300's. By 1600 the cultural revival had spread to France, England, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and other European countries. Many Renaissance scholars and artists studied the art and learning from ancient Greece and Rome, attempting to recapture the spirit of those cultures in their philosophies and their works of art and literature.
The word “Renaissance” is defined as rebirth or revival. In the European civilization, the renaissance of art, literature, painting, music shared in certain trends and influences. When we talked about the Renaissance, we generally mean the period of western European history from 1400 to 1600. The Renaissance gradually spreads through Italy and Western Europe. As it did, people grew interested in giving new life to Greek and Roman styles of art and architecture.
Thus, numerous parallels between these subjects exist. Many in the Renaissance devoted themselves to taking old ideas, mainly from the ancient Greeks and Romans, and reintroducing or improving upon them in order to better themselves or society. This was humanism. Italian humanists stressed the study of the classics for what they could reveal about human nature: "[Bruni maybe]." Bruni studied the classics for self-amelioration.
Towards the end of the fifteenth century, the eruption of great thinking and creativity began to cascade over places like England, France, Spain, and Germany. The concepts and beliefs behind the Renaissance were dispersed through the lands through many different mediums. For example, with the wealth of Italy stemming from the Renaissance, trade effectively exchanged ideas from country to country. This led artists from the north to travel down to Italy in quest of knowledge, wanting to learn the new styles and techniques. Italian artists also travelled northward, escaping a war that had broken out between Italian kingdoms.
... ... middle of paper ... ...litical scientist" (Rhu 326). The Renaissance is perceived as a time of intellectual and creative growth, and, indeed, the arts and architectural accomplishments of the era bear out this perception. The two centuries denoted as the Renaissance in Italy are also known as a period of growth in the sciences, with such known personages as Leonardo de Vinci making strides into mathematics, anatomy and other sciences that would open the door for the empirical investigations of later centuries. The greatest of the Italian Renaissance writers, Niccolo Machiavelli, mirrors one of the least known attributes of the time, the social relegation of females. Although it is a time where the role of women is enlarged to some degree, it continues to place strictures on the place and meaning of women that were forged in the writings of the ancient Greeks, such as Aristotle.
“The English renaissance was first launched by King Henry around the early 15th century” (the Renaissance back 2). King Henry was fascinated by the cultural and artistic views of the original Italian Renaissance. Henry's interest in arts was widely recognized, and knowledge of the Classics was regarded as “an avenue to royal favor” (the English Renaissance 2). Though the English renaissance had many influences and people who made it possible the Italian Renaissance is arguably the biggest. The Italian Renaissance was the start of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change.
The Renaissance Renaissance is the period of European history that saw a renewed interest in the arts. The Renaissance began in 14th-century Italy and spread to the rest of Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries. In this period, the fragmented feudal society of the Middle Ages, with its agricultural economy and church-dominated intellectual and cultural life, was transformed into a society increasingly dominated by central political institutions, with an urban, commercial economy and lay patronage of education, the arts, and music. The term renaissance, meaning literally “rebirth.” Modern scholars have exploded the myth that the Middle Ages were dark and dormant. The thousand years preceding the Renaissance were filled with achievements.