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In contrast, Appellee Ishmael Jaffree, a resident of Mobile County, Alabama objected this Alabama Statute. Since the one-minute prayer was voluntary, his children did not participate. They were then “exposed to ostracism from their peer group class members” for not participating (Wallace V. Jaffree). In the Wallace versus Jaffree trial, Jaffree has a stronger case because his complaints are justified through both the First and Fourteenth Amendments and the ideology of Separation of Church and State. According to the First Amendment, “Congress shall make no law re... ... middle of paper ... ...a particular faith.
However, in 1993, the justices refused to review a federal appeals court ruling in a Texas case that allowed student-led prayers at graduation ceremonies. That appeals court ruling, which is binding law in Louisiana and Mississippi, conflicts with another federal appeals court's decision barring student-led graduation prayers in nine... ... middle of paper ... ...n between Church and State. (1) The reason Jefferson choose the expression "separation of church and state" was because he was addressing a Baptist crowd; a church of which he was not a member. Jefferson wanted to remove all fears that the government would make laws to the church. The issue of prayer in school cannot be dealt with in a manner that will please everyone.
In the following cases, it is discussed whether or not it is fair to force students to stand up and recite the Pledge of Allegiance while in school. In the Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow case, Michael Newdow is suing for his daughter being required to say the Pledge of Allegiance while in school. The Newdow family is an Atheist family who disagrees with the phrase, ‘under God‘ stated in the Pledge of Allegiance. Newdow disapproved forcing his daughters say the Pledge in class. He also states that this is an Establishment Clause violation in which he does not want the school to be able to control his daughters religion or beliefs.
Supreme Court will not let teachers do any kind of religious practice with the students. First, The Supreme Court upholds a law that allows both nonreligious and religious groups to be able to have praying programs in high school (Gay, 1992, p. 12). Also, The Supreme Court upholds the right of where the students can pray and where students cannot pray (Gay, 1992, p. 45). Another thing the Supreme Court will not let coaches pray with the kids after or before a game because it makes the coaches look bad, so they say, but students are allowed to pray before a game or during lunch (Student Prayer Case Reaches Supreme Court, 2000, p. 1 of 1). The students are not allowed to read the Bible in school or do any kind of activities that have to do with the Bible (“Liberally confused in…” 2013, p. 1 of 2), due to the fact that they banned religion in school, but in 1962 there was a time where it was mandatory to pray (“Liberally confused in…”, 2013, p. 1 of 2).
The establishment clause prevents the government from choosing a national religion. The Supreme Court has often ruled that favoring any religion can constitute choosing that particular religion over another. The tolerance of religious choices is different all over the U.S. In my hometown, nativity scenes, moments of silence during school, and church sponsored school events are overlooked and seen as a normal occurrence. Every UT football game opens up with a Christian prayer, often using the Lord's Prayer, given by an area clergyman.
Since then, regulations have severely changed. Prayer in schools has been deemed unconstitutional. Instead, schools allow a moment of silence as long as no religious intent is applied. Prayer is allowed in schools as long as students initiate and control the religious meetings. In Doe vs. Santa Fe, during a school football game over the school PA system, a prayer was announced.
(Haas35) Therefore, having a prayer in school would be unconstitutional. “A radical school prayer amendment would attack the heart and soul of the bill of rights which safeguards the rights of the individual from tyranny of the individual.” (Jasper96) Teachers are public employees, paid by the taxpayers. The time it takes to recite a prayer is an expenditure of tax dollars. (Haas36 ) This is a violation of the separation of church and state. This whole issue is a big waste of time because students do have the right to pray at school.