In a county, a commissioner is a form of government, elected commissioners arrange both the executive and the legislative commission, and they represent local statute and then they control them. They also handle budgets; they overlook spending and select county staff member. The commissioner customarily consists of three to five officials. In some states, they are known as superintendents. The commissioners are authoritative over the voters, even though their duties are determined and inhibited by the state statutes and the state constitution.
The Sta... ... middle of paper ... ...nsibility for their parks and recreation services, fire and police departments, emergency medical services, housing services, municipal courts, public and private transportation service, and public works (sewers, snow removal, signage, streets, etc.). The Federal and State Governments share power in numerous ways (some of which are listed above), but the Local government has to be granted power by their state. Generally speaking the City councils, mayors, and other members of government in the municipalities, are directly elected by the people. Most, if not all of the information given in this report are from the following websites: Works Cited http://www.netstate.com/states/government/co_government.htm http://www.whitehouse.gov/our-government/state-and-local-government http://usgovinfo.about.com/od/rightsandfreedoms/a/federalism.htm http://www.whitehouse.gov/
In order for the autonomy of Local Government to function, the national and or federal government places the power to delegate authority to the state that then transfers these basic powers to the local governments to allow for the inclusion of its constituents in governmental and local affairs by what we call decentralization. Often times the state government divides powers between the local governments which usually include two divisions: municipalities and counties. Counties are usually the largest and broadest geographic area and include many local governments however; a county’s power is very miniscule compared to city government. Generally in North Carolina, local governments do not have the power or authority do anything unless it is explicitly granted or enumerated in the state constitution. Although cities have a large range of delegated authority and counties have the least, the state government would still exerci... ... middle of paper ... ...to.
In fact, the main difference between public and private personnel administration is the political context and the intervention of politicians and their supporters in decisions affecting public employees. Efficiency, on the other hand, is the practice of basing appointments on ability and performance, rather than politics. The individual rights of employees are often preserved by national and regional laws, such as the Constitution in the United States; merit systems; and collective bargaining systems, if applicable. Social equity guarantees that groups that cannot compete fairly are given preferences in job selection and promotion decisions.
Bye-laws are made by local authorities and public corporations. Local authorities make Bye-laws regarding their own local area. So a County council can make laws affecting the whole county, and a local town council can make laws for that town only. This is because the local authorities are considered to have the local expertise to make the more specific decisions. Bye-laws as mentioned can be made by public corporations.
Marbury v. Madison: The case involved William Marbury, who had been promised appointment as a justice of the peace, and Secretary of State James Madison. 27. Major-Council Plan: System of local government in which voters elect a city council to make laws and a major to carry out laws. 28. Misdemeanor: Less serious crime, such as a traffic violation.
Much like our federal government has its laws, each individual state creates its own internal laws and functions as its own, smaller government. The way in which a well-ran government runs may vary depending on which political party in office at the time, nationally and locally. Current events, wars, or changes in our country’s needs will affect the way a form of government functions .My state, Nebraska, is one of the more unique sets of governments out of the fifty states. Nebraska can be compared and contrasted to the federal government in so many ways. The laws and processes take the federal foundation combined with the ideas of the voters and statewide needs shape the way state officials go about these decisions, Whether a state is democratic or Republican in nature this term is a varying factor to how the offices are run.
Local government includes cities, counties, towns, school districts and special-purpose districts. The local government is chartered by a constitution drawn up by the state. States have the power to make and enforce laws, levy taxes and conduct their affairs mostly free from the ... ... middle of paper ... ...y, maintenance of city streets, parks and recreation, waste-water treatment, trash removal, zoning and building code enforcement, fire and rescue services, animal control, public transportation, and other essential services. Cities and towns are governed by elected officials who include the mayor and city council and they make decisions and set policy. (Local Governments", n.d., p. 25-27) States hold presidential primaries, where the ballots “determine how many delegates will represent each respective candidate at the national party nominating conventions.
10 Feb. 2011. . Kesler, Charles R. "Direct Democracy In California." The Claremont Institute: For Studying Statesmenship and Political Philosophy. The Claremont Insititute, 2009. Web.
In addition, many regulations and requirements that federal programs impose on the states and localities are sometimes open to modification, give discretion, and power to state and local officials. Local government is commissioned to its state constitution and it is subject to the legal environment created by the state’s structure and laws just like the way the state government should not conflict with the federal law. State governments is a reflection of the federal government since it has an elected head of the executive branch who is the governor, a self-governing judiciary, and a commonly elected legislative division. In whether justices be elected to office or appointed is: Justices should be elected instead of appointed. This is because members of congress usually engage in agenda setting since they want to satisfy their constituents (Arnold, 2004).