Nowadays, mushroom cultivation has become one of agronomic generating activity which can be applied to the small industry farmer. Therefore in order to cultivated the mushroom there are several steps known as preparing medium culture, spawn preparation, medium substrate preparation, spawning, spawn running, fructification and harvesting (refer to the Figure 1 in Appendix 1). The first steps in mushroom cultivation are preparation of culture media. Mushroom mycelium needs nutrition to grow. Agar (seaweed) contains almost no nutrition, but acts as a gelling agent when mixed with water, so that the mycelium has a flat, solid surface to grow.
Composting not only reduces the amount of waste, buy also contains chemical properties and other rich elements that benefit the soil's quality, allowing farmers to use it as soil amendment. The following research will examine the process of composting and its different variables in order to investigate its positive and negative affects on the soil. Composting refers to the controlled decomposing of organic matter by microorganisms, mainly bacteria and fungi, that break organic matter down into readily available nutrients. In truth, it relies on little to no human intervention which makes it fairly easy. There are literally dozens of different technologies that are currently used to create compost (Stickelberger, 1975, p.188).
The spots can grow to form large, irregular areas on the turf that can eventually blanket a green. The fungus survives as masses of mycelia called sclerotia or stromata on plants or in the thatch during unfavorable weather conditions (Bonos, 2011). The mycelium starts growing from the thatch onto wet leaf surfaces to cause the initial infections (Charbonneau, 2010). Plant tissue infected with dollar spot can be carried by numerous objects such as golf cars, mowers, golf shoes. The disease attacks the foliage and crown of the plant, but the rhizomes and stolons remain uninfected (Krause, 2005).
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Research regarding the mushroom is relatively unexplored in every topic covered throughout the paper. Therefore, it is important that we spend time studying pPortobello mushrooms with respect to ways in which we can improve our understanding, practices and technologies in order to exploit them as efficiently as possible in the future. If we do so, Portobello mushrooms may prove to be one of the most promising solutions to the agricultural and, ecological and food crises that industrial food production has caused.