Rehabilation of Prison Inmates

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Prison inmates, are some of the most disturbed and unstable people in society. Most of the inmates have had too little discipline or too much, come from broken homes, and have no self-esteem. They are very insecure and are at war with themselves as well as with society. Most inmates did not learn moral values or learn to follow everyday norms. In order to rehabilitate criminals we must do more than just send them to prison.
Of the 600,000 criminals that are released into society each year, 70% of them are re-arrested within 3 years of their release from prison (Cullen). These statistics are so surprising, but it's because we mostly hear about the huge number of rehabilitation programs there are, how much they cost, their design and intended outcomes, but seldom do we hear about the results these programs produce. Since these programs are continually funded, since we hear about what they are supposed to do, rather than what they do do, the public at large assumes they work. In fact, of the few programs that have shown any detectable positive effect on their participants, the best result was a mere 10% reduction in recidivism (Cullen). Many suggest we can do better.
Most of today’s correctional institutions lack the ability and programs to rehabilitate the criminals of America. Often their life in crime will resume in weeks after their release (New). Although the best prisons and programs in the world will not cure the problem totally, improvements still must be made.
In analyzing the problems with these programs a major trend emerges; the shift, over the past 40 years, away from prison as 'punishment' toward prison as 'rehabilitation' or therapy. Punishment implies the responsibility of the offender, while rehabilitation is more suggestive of the offender-as-victim-of-circumstances and, further, it implies that we know what's to be done to 'fix' the problem.
Plainly we do know what the problem is; the offender's anti-social behavior. Analysis of the results of rehabilitation programs indicates that we have only the faintest idea of how to correct the problem.
Rehabilitation programs started in the 1960's. The therapeutic approach to crime is based on three assumptions. First, that the criminal mindset is the result of a single cause, usually a "dysfunctional family." Second, that rehabilitation programs in themselves can create lasting behaviora...

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...l intervention techniques to reconstruct the cognitive thought processes.
If all of these programs are used successfully, then there will be a successful rehabilitation program. The program described is based around the individual offender’s needs, although it addresses both criminal and non-criminal needs. It focuses particularly on how well the offender responds to issues, by separating the KEY prisoners from others in the facility, allowing closer attention to be paid to the individual’s situation. It seems that the usual situation of an ex-prisoner is that he or she is liable to re-offend. This is most certainly because the programs right now are not good enough. Programs now only seek one of the problems with an offender. Successful rehabilitation exercises and recognizes the whole of the offender’s set of needs/problems. The programs must aim to change those who want to change. Those who are taught to be productive are likely to develop the self-esteem essential to a normal, integrated personality. This kind of program would provide skills and habits and replace the sense of hopelessness that many inmates have. In the end, rehabilitation is about changing individual lives.
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