Regulatory Issues Impacting Development of an Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan

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The development of an Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan is complex. There is not a single format to base the plan. Each plan is dissimilar according to the facility that the plan was developed. Each facility is composed of different structural components, machinery, chemicals, and equipment. These subtle differences can mean diverse regulations and standards that must be incorporated into the Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan. Compliance must be achieved when developing the plan. Regulations and standards are written and enforced by several state and federal agencies (Dunlap, n.d.). Some of these agencies include the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Each of these regulatory agencies has governing standards and regulations that must be, when applicable, incorporated into the Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan (Schneid & Collins, 2001).

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is the primary regulatory agency responsible for the public sector. FEMA’s ties to homeland security have prompted public regulations that promote public safety and disaster relief. “FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards (About FEMA, n.d.)." FEMA has little, if any, regulations governing the private sector. Although FEMA does not govern the private sector, FEMA resources can be used as additional information aiding in the development of an Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan (Schneid & Collins, 2001). As part o...

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...afety and Health Administration. (n.d.). About osha Retrieved from http://www.osha.gov/about.html

United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (n.d.). OSHA enforcement Retrieved from http://www.osha.gov/dep/index.html

United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (n.d.). OSHA regulations Retrieved from http://www.osha.gov/about.html http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owasrch.search_form?p_doc_type=STANDARDS&p_toc_level=1&p_keyvalue=1910

United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (n.d.). Standards - 29 CFR (1910.38 - Emergency action plans.). Retrieved from http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=9726

United States Environmental Protection Agency, (n.d.). Compliance Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/lawsregs/compliance/

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