Reggio Emilia

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Reggio Emilia approach to education is a teaching philosophy based on Developmentally Appropriate Approach to teaching and learning. It is an approached founded on theories of child development, an observation and assessment of the child’s interest and curiosity about the world around him and his cultural background. A Developmentally Appropriate Practice ensures the wholesome growth of the child and nurtures his socio-emotional, physical and cognitive development. The Reggio approach to education respects the individuality of the child, his strength and capability and innate curiosity about the world around him. The Reggio Emilia curriculum is generated based on the interests of the child, encouraging the child to initiate his own learning in an environment conducive to exploration and discovery. Reggio Emilia Approach originated in Italy in a small town with the same name. It was started under the leadership of educator Loris Malaguzzi in collaboration with parents and other educators and educationists. This educational model was influenced by many early childhood psychologists and philosophers, such as Piaget, Vygotsky, and Gardner and gave birth to a new community centric and culture inspired centers of education for infants, toddlers and preschoolers in Reggio Emilia. The Reggio early childhood program is an emergent curriculum based on the emerging interests of the child and keeps evolving with the developing curiosity of the child. The ideas for the curriculum emerge naturally from the questions raised by the child in an environment created to generate spontaneous curiosity and exploratory avenues for the child. Adult child interactions that lead to teachable moments are utilized to optimize the curriculum and draw value... ... middle of paper ... ...old develop or adapt them to suit their own needs and environment. A love for children and acceptance of change are the starting points. One of the most challenging aspects of the Reggio Emilia approach is the inclusion of multiple points of view generated by the collaboration between teachers, parents and community. These views cater to the abilities, needs and interests shown by the children and contribute to their educational growth. There is also a trust placed on the belief that the children are interested in things worth knowing about. The teaching continuously evolves with a homogeneous amalgamation of inputs from the parents, interest shown by the children and a growing knowledge of the individual child by the teacher leading to the wholesome growth of the child. The result is an atmosphere that is developmentally appropriate for adults and children alike.

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