The Industrial Revolution was a time of change. The growth of factories replaced the home industries and started the development of large cities. These growing cities with their factories created changes not only to the people’s working conditions but also to the transportation and type of labor. There were many positive economic changes and advancements however, along with those positive economic changes there were many negative changes to the social life and the workers overall health. 3Life in the factory was most challenging for the first generation of industrial workers who still remembered the slower and more flexible pace of country life.
Industrial Revolution in the City The Industrial Revolution was a period of great change for the country of England. Products went from being produced in households and by small businesses to being mass-produced by large industries. Products became cheaper and living conditions improved, but not at first for the working class. Terrible working conditions and hard lives sums up the status of the working class during the Industrial Revolution. The working class put in long hours and hard work for little pay and horrific living conditions.
In 1750 political liberalism, the enlightened age, Infrastructure, and the economic climate allowed Great Britain to seek new job opportunities and exploit new business ideas. In addition, literacy, public education and the middle class was rising immensely. Concepts like partnerships and selling shares were introduced during this time period. The process of the Industrial Revolution was rapid in Western Europe however, by the 1900 all of Europe was involved. Over all, the effects of the revolution changed the way materials are transported, how products are made, on a global basis.The Industrial Revolution was a critical turning point in European history because the changes made are integral in the modern age.
People like artisans were also degraded to this class as new machines were mass producing products, replacing the people. The Industrial revolution also had an economic impact. The industrial revolution really changed employment. The new machines that were being invented replaced people doing it by hand, making these jobs non-existent. However, these machines needed people to operate them created new jobs.
In addition to the low wages, they were subject to long hours in the gruesome factories. All of these conditions built up a large amount of anger towards the government and factory owners. The workers had to do something in order to better their lives. Workers in 19th century Europe had horrible lives as a result of limited attention from the government; workers union were the only thing that ended up getting the attention of the government, and therefore bettering the worker’s lives. While working conditions was a big problem during this time period, there were some solutions that did have some affect on the prob... ... middle of paper ... ...sult of little attention from the government; workers unions were the only thing that got the government’s attention, and therefore improving the worker’s lives.
Due to strides made during the Industrial Revolution, Manchester led the world in the textile industry with the use of the mechanized cotton mill. This led to an influx of people migrating to Manchester seeking work. The booming industry caused by this rapid urbanization greatly benefitted the rest of Europe, but the citizens of Manchester suffered great morale and health declines. While a select few continued to highlight the great accomplishments of the city, the overwhelming majority of sources shows that Manchester was not a desirable home for workers during the Industrial
Industrialization, or the process of developing and increasing the production of various industries, has been a highly controversial subject since its beginning in the mid-eighteenth century. Hated by the romantics and loved by the economists, industrialization was a necessary step from the past into the present. In addition to adding jobs to the market and proving that population could undergo exponential growth, industrialization caused a boom in the creation of towns. As factories sprang up along rivers, previously small towns such as Liverpool and Manchester grew massively in size almost overnight. In fact, the town of Manchester is considered a perfect model for early and middle industrial life.
In the 19th century, when the Royal Docks were built as the hub of imports and exports for the whole British Empire and as other industries grew rapidly thanks to good railway connections, vast numbers of people from Essex and beyond moved into Newham in search of work. West Ham in particular was a major manufacturing centre with chemical, pharmaceutical, retail, railway and printing industries. East Ham was strongly residential, and has a distinctive Victorian and Edwardian architectural heritage, notably its magnificent Italianate town hall. Between the wars, the two boroughs had a joint population of over half a million; the area suffered the worst of the Blitz which left much of the area a wasteland, though there was considerable pride too in the traditional grit and humour which somehow got everyone through. After the war, massive reconstruction and new... ... middle of paper ... ...opment were being drawn up by West Ham Council.
Liverpool became the centre of slave trade within the UK when Britain colonised the Americas and the West Indies. Merchant capitalism was established and Liverpool’s geographical position on the River Mersey was of benefit to the city and its people. The location meant it was the second city of the British Empire, highlighting the city’s importance at the time. Liverpool expanded in the late 18th and early 19th century as a result of the slave trade and this was evident in the infrastructure. The working class were settled along the river for easy access to the docks and the middle classes were further inland, uphill and consequently and possibly by choice, separated by class (Sykes, O., 2013).
The cities in Britain developed fast, specially the working class neighborhood which were constructed for factory workers to live in because they could not afford anything else. However, this development could not keep up with the increase in population, so very quickly the working neighborhoods became overcrowded, and then extremely overcrowded. The living conditions of the working class in the cities decayed as fast, or even faster as the population increased.