Reforming the Canadian Electoral System

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Although Canadian electoral system has always undergone periodic reforms, new challenges always accompany electoral changes and therefore the system should be consistently reformed to meet new circumstances.The current electoral system in Canada is a product of a series of electoral changes that have always taken place since the foundation of the Canadian confederation in the mid 1880s. During the early years, the rights of individuals to vote were significantly limited as only white males had the right to vote but only after meeting certain requirements. A secret ballot was unheard, and it was only after a number of changes were implemented that all social groups in Canada were given the right to vote. Even after these changes, electoral partisanship, as well as cases of electoral frauds were rampant and further reforms became necessary for the Canadian electoral system to gain legitimacy and support among the citizens. Canadian electoral system is currently based on the federal constituencies each of which is entitled to elect their parliamentary representatives (Lavoie and Lemieux, 3). In this system, candidates who meet the Canadian electoral criteria are free to participate in the process and only the individual who won the biggest number of votes becomes the elected representative. Generally, Canadian electoral system has been subjected to periodic reforms and frequent minor amendments in an attempt to improve some aspects of Canadian voting processes and conduction of elections. An important challenge in this regard is that new challenges always accompany the electoral changes and therefore the system should be continually reformed to meet new challenges and circumstances (Boyer, 13). There are however a number of alter... ... middle of paper ... necessary to ensure a more proportional representation and regain the confidence of the voters in the electoral system. Works Cited Boyer, J, Patrick. Political Rights: The Legal Framework of Elections in Canada, Toronto: Butterworths, 1981. Print Boyer, J., Patrick. “The Case for Election Law Reform,” Parliamentary Government, 8.2 (1989): 13-16. Print Courtney C. John, “Recognition of Canadian Political Parties in Parliament and in Law,” Canadian Journal of Political Science, 11.1(1978): 39-48. Print Dyck, Rand. “Canadian Politics: Critical Approaches,” 6th ed. Toronto: Nelson Education, 2011. Print. Lavoie, Marie and Vincent Lemieux. “The Evaluation of Electoral Systems", Canadian Parliamentary Review, 14.3 (1984): 2-5. Print Pilon, Dennis. The Politics of Voting: Reforming Canada's Electoral System, Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications, 2007. Print

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