Aristotle’s teachings were stressed on moderation in government and in life. The importance of human character lead to his interpretation of happiness and a perfect society. Since a state would not be without habitants, it is fair to state that a societies happiness is achieved once the citizens have done the same. To Aristotle this is essential to the main point he makes in his teachings. He stresses that a model citizen illustrates the moral virtues of intelligence, and courage.# Developing this type of character as Aristotle states as “ human excellence” is an action of the soul for he believes it is the soul that is the bases of human individuality.# The idea becomes parallel on a political level for the citizens are the bases of a state.
For example we choose health because we don’t want to be sick, and ... ... middle of paper ... ...support the guardians through their reason. Lastly appetites are our thirsts and desires. Farmers and producers serve as the appetites because they satisfy those needs. The idea of function plays the role of when there is justice in the soul; the soul and city are able to live “blessed and happy.” Socrates claim is interconnected through education providing a just soul, allowing a just soul to function properly, allowing for justice in the individuals and city. This essay talked about how education is a fundamental step in creating a just soul, and how with a just soul creates a just city.
Influence of Classical and Medieval Periods Sexual Beliefs Both Classical and Medieval Periods have influenced my outlook on health, and sex education, in the realms of sexuality. The Classical Period’s perspective toward sex were more open and permitted. The Medieval Period’s perspective toward sex is restrictive, sex to be an essential part of bodily health and just another necessary function of the human biological system. Ideas and values formed by civilizations during the Classical Period, such as, ancient Greek sex values are what I am more aware of on a conscious level. Moreover, I am more comfortable accepting the values toward sex that were upheld during the Classical Period because of how open and permissive their view is on sex.
When most people consider the Iliad and Odyssey, religion does not come to mind but; In fact, without bronze age religion these stories would not exist as we know them. The validity of homers exists as a person, group of people or fictional character. Would these stories carry the same positive morals as they would without a religious influence. If not would they be as important to Greek culture as today. There has been many debate on when exactly the bronze age took place, most dates were close together but still different.
Explain the importance of the role or religion in Spartan Society. Religion in Sparta, like in many societies, had a purpose. Religion was important in Sparta to support the ideals of a militaristic utopian society which, after the Messenian wars, the governing forces were aiming to create. “Those who honour the gods most finely with choruses are best in war” [Socrates]. The Spartan ideal of an elite military state influenced the approach to religion and the ways in which religion would be moulded to suite state doctrine, therefore highlighting the importance of religion in upholding the values of Spartan society.
Michelangelo used the Greek belief of perfect beauty and the newly emerging realistic viewpoint on art to create an image of a near god-like beauty. From the works of both Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci, Renaissance art heavily relied on Greek beauty, to portray their messages across on idealization and portrayed divinity in biblical art. Ancient Greece is where the search for human beauty began. Exploring symmetrical and ideological perfections on human features, with reference to the Golden Ratio enabled the Greeks to answer what beauty was. Plato, born into an Athenian family in the golden age of Greek democracy, strived to elaborate the idea of Forms which originated from Hereclitus’ statement, “all things accessible to the senses are always in a state of flux.” Expanding from the idea of Forms, Plato questioned beauty, “What is beauty?
Conversely, Donne argues that a mind groomed in imagination is the proper mode of finding bodily health. In their writings, both Montaigne and Donne are seeking a unity between the mind and the body. By comparing Montaigne's Essays and the poetry of Donne, it is evident that the means for unifying the mind and body can vary for different people. Montaigne's general philosophy on the relationship between the mind and the physical health of the body is one that associates a healthy existence with a healthy mind. His idea of a healthy mind is that which is learned through the studies of the 'great thinkers'; of the past, and steered clear of being taken control of by the omnipotent imagination.
During the eighteenth and early nineteenth century, particularly French academic architects, focused their attention towards the relationship between architectural character and human physiognomy. In classical Architecture, the human body relates to buildings in a subtle and intricate manner in an abundant of different ways. Architects of classical architecture tweaked and tuned elements of their structures to proportions embodied in the human physique. Greek culture emphasises the beauty of the human body and as a result created the idealised male and female forms. The symmetry and proportion, which originally existed in Greek sculpture, was eventually translated in their Architecture.
The relationship between the human body and sexuality is a recurring motif present in much of Walt Whitman’s poetry that demonstrates his fascination with the human body and sexual experience. The human body is not only a major theme, but also a prominent conceptual device; Whitman’s utilization of body metaphors recognize that the body is the ground of human understanding to which all concepts will ultimately relate back to. The body is not only a source of pleasure, but also a source of delight; a mixture of sexual pleasure and sympathetic emotions that bind one person to another. The discussion of sexuality includes intertwining themes of “manly love” and “sexual love,” with emphasis on intense passionate attraction and interaction, along with bodily contact. Whitman goes so far to differentiate between the “amativeness” for man-woman love and “adhesiveness” for “manly love” in his dealings with sexuality.
Lawrence’s concentration on corporal fulfillment of love only superficially differs from Plato’s concentration on the mind: both come to the same philosophy of bodily exchange as being a necessary component of relations with either sex. As Barry J. Scherr points out in his article on the relationship between Women in Love and the Symposium, “ ‘Excurse’ [chapter 23] has been recognized by critics as a ‘central chapter’ of Women in Love” (210). The reason for this appraisal is that “Excurse” presents both a realization and articulation of Lawrence’s view of female-male relationships through the characters of Birkin and Ursula. The transmittance, or “Excurse,” comes through bodily exchange: “[Ursula] traced with her hands the line of his loins and thighs … It was a dark flood of electric passion she released from him, drew into herself. She established a rich new circuit … released from the darkest poles of the body and established in perfect circuit” (358).