This is the most fundamental concept that I believe is the main focus for Eliade, this concept of transcendence, as well as space including the cosmos. Eliade discusses humanistic principles of religion while providing a connection to traditional religion, explaining the concept of “sacred” and drawing a connection to time, space, and nature. They serve a purposeful function in rituals and practices presented by the various religions, both traditional and modern. This “re-enactment” of rituals or practices in various religions that people conduct provides them a sense of “reality,” while establishing a mystic bond. As a result, the experience of space known to non-religious man, one who rejects sacrality of the world, accepts only a profane existence.
However, keep in mind that Atman (God/Divine) is also found inside of every human soul and not just those that choose the Jnana Yoga path. Furthermore, in my study guide for Hinduism, under Jnana Yoga, it states, “intuitive discernment that transforms, turning the knower eventually into that which she knows”. This means that after following the three steps of Jnana Yoga the Hindu believer will be transformed from the knower into what they know, which is finding Atman (God/Divine). Atman can be described as “the self or individual soul” (Woodburne 53). Also, Atman can be defined in multiple ways, including “the principle of life” or “the individual self, known after enlightenment to be identical with Brahman”
Religion has been a key part in every society, as Emile Durkheim stated religion involves, “things that surpass the limits of our knowledge.” Religion is defined as a social institution involving beliefs and practices based on recognizing the sacred. This definition creates a boundary between sacred and profane. Organized religion gives society something to strive for and practicing religion allows people to celebrate the power of their society. Religion can be divided between western religion and eastern religion; each distinct section has its own beliefs and understandings of what god is and how he is incorporated into their lives. Islamic religion and Hinduism are two religions on each side of the spectrum, Islamic religion is considered
I define religion as a personal belief system in which things such as the earth’s creation and a higher power are given background and purpose. Religion can also serve as a guide to how one should live their life. People who follow a religion live by a set of morals and values determined by creation stories, sacred traditions, and their worshiped deity. Each religion has its own concoction of history and beliefs making it unique. After reading several other definitions of religion, I notice that there
Emile Durkheim defined religion as having a few necessary components, which are that it is a unified structure of beliefs with organized practices that is built around beliefs which are sacred to its followers. He also said that in each religion they divided items, places, and events into two realms, being Sacred and Profane. The sacred elements are connected to the religion, and are items that inspire awe, respect, and even sometimes fear into the believer of that religion. If people wish to become part of the sacred realm they perform some sort of ritual such as praying or sacrificing. Since people have faith they start to accept the things in which they do not understand or things that cannot be explained.
Gary Kessler states, “’Cultus’ refers to religion as a cultural system consisting of moral codes, rites, and groups. ‘Pietas’ refers to religion as a personal kind of devotion.” On the other hand, shifting definitions between religion and spirituality have challenged these findings. This paper will argue the distinct differences between religion and spirituality by comparing how their meanings have evolved over centuries. It is often said that people in modern day society tend to believe that religion has evolved from following strict morals and ethics to being open-minded about other religions. According to Webster’s dictionary, religion is an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a god or a group of gods.
And why am I here? The search for the purpose of existence. Religion gives meaning to life as it demonstrates human nature and the way in which life should be lived. Ethics is a common characteristic of religion that is used to distinguish boundaries and establish morals to determine what should be accepted and which acts should be looked down upon, punished and not accepted. The Ethics characteristic of religion is the base of the modern worlds entire social system with direct reliance of the characteristic of Rituals and ceremonies, which also plays an important part of putting these ethics to practice.
Religion provides order within people and gives the individual some clarity to the unknown “life after death”. Religion gives and individual to something to look forward to after death. The common belief in most religions is that life after death depends on how we live life on earth which, greatly contributes to the order in society. Through the participation of religion one is exposed to divine motivation which contribute to the individual’s perspective of social norms as well as how they live life while alive. As per an educational website boundless.com “Many religions have narratives, symbols, traditions, and sacred histories that are intended to give meaning to life or to explain the origin of life or the universe.” This clearly indicates the theory that religion socializes an individual in a manner that contributes to the order of society.
This is important to religious followers as described in the above paragraph. It guides individual and collective behavior. Myth makes up the "basics" of religion. It is these basics that make up the behavior of the believer. It affects how they act and react in respect to their beliefs.
In William James” Lecture XX, conclusions” he has argued on various aspects of “Religion”. The whole concept of religion seems to be in accordance to the facts of mankind’s biological operation, still according to him its doesn’t makes it true. Universe itself has a very strong connection to religion of any kind. Nature of Universe is interconnected to human spirit and to the existence of God. James states that “Visible world is part of a more spiritual universe from which it draws its chief significance”, which means that Universe relationship with the religion can be seen through the connection of human and religion.