When a counselor self discloses information to a client it needs to be information that provides a beneficial purpose. Studies show the most common self-disclosure topics are personal theoretical approaches, beliefs about treatment, statements of respect for client, similar emotions, and coping strategies (Ziv-Beiman, 2013). It is important counselors do not disclose too much personal information or irrelevant information to the client. One of the problems that arise when a counselor provides inappropriate information is the reversal of roles. There needs to be set boundaries between the counselor and the client in order for the therapeutic process to be successful.
Counselors can knowingly or unknowingly inflict values but doing so causes ethical dilemmas. If a counselor attempts to knowingly influence the attitudes, and beliefs of a client this is known as Value imposition. Counselors need to recognize these shortcomings and remain professional and or possibly refer clients to other professionals when necessary. If counselors are aware of their own personal values this will keep them focused and keep them from harming the client. Having conflicting values does not mean that a counselor can’t work with a client it just means they will must proceed with caution.
This type of question allows the client to bring to the conversation what is important to them. A social worker does not want to use open ended questions when it is irrelevant, a leading question or ask too many questions at once. Open ended questions are particularly useful for inviting or encouraging a client to elaborate and opening a session (Cummins, Sevel, Pedrick, p.93-95). I think open ended questions are one of the skills that I am most comfortable with. I just have to be careful not to use why questions too much in an interview because a client may not know why or it can make them feel blamed for something.
Person-centered therapy was described with a few dilemmas that I feel social workers face as well. For instance, if a client chooses or does not choose to do something that is in their best interest it is not the role of the therapist, in person-centered therapy, to step-in and make that decision for the client. The same goes for social workers. If someone chooses to do or no do something that is in their best interest it is not up to the social worker to step in and override their self-determination. Lastly, I believe, that like in person-centered therapy, social workers should not exert any control or power over their clients.
The client should feel informed about the therapeutic process, and providing them with such information at the beginning can help to ease the client’s concerns about what can and cannot be done with their information. The client should feel at ease when the helper informs him or her that their information is strictly confidential except given the circumstance noted above. It is also an opportunity for the client to ask question for clarification and feel empowered from the beginning. It is possible that a client could have some discomfort with the confidentiality and informed consent process and as a result choose not to proceed with therapy. The loss of a client’s p... ... middle of paper ... ...sitive information with his family members and close friends, he cannot approach the counseling process like that.
The term readiness is a brief intervention to help initiate change, continue it, accelerate it, and prevent the client from regressing to previous behavior. Types of intervention help to know when to intervene and give cues to when the client needs or desires an intervention. The role of good communication provided by the social worker can build on being able to hear how others gather and form their thoughts and feeling to give advice, provide information, and providing reassurance to simply support of the client. The recap of intervention is not an easy task it takes the social worker to study the problem, analyze the problem, and make the best judgment to help the client move from inappropriate behav... ... middle of paper ... ...nd provide intervention to the client. Cues from the client can be simply eye contact, voice change, and complete shutdown of the client.
Working from the concept of a therapeutic neutrality relationship helps the practitioner to stay within the guideline of principle and virtue ethics. Couples therapy, is a good example of when a therapist, can make uses of the concept of the therapeutic neutrality relationship. The counselor should keep a neutral stance when counseling the couple. Even if the counselor think one client is right, in what they are saying, the counselor should not take sides. The counselor should stay neutral.
As one can begin to feel for the client and to put themselves in their shoes, a social worker can be more effective in getting the clients’ needs met. In the study of Gerdes and Segal (2011) they concluded that “social work practitioners need to develop their own empathetic abilities to enhance their effectiveness with clients and to protect themselves with compassion or practice fatigue and burnout”. This shows that as a social work can get a client like Joseph who may be facing many problems, having empathy not only can help the client in getting the help need, but for the social worker to not get exhausted in the case. Moreover, as a social worker is engaging with a client such as Joseph who shows signs of other problems, but is not indicating them listening in the assessment and critically thinking can be essential. “The ability to carefully listen is critical in social work skill because you want to hear the client’s situation as she or he has experienced it, which might be different form your expectations” (Birkenmaier & Weger, 2013).
Simply doubting yourself in these situations may cause unwanted response to client, but telling yourself I know what to do or say will lead to a more productive response instead and help to keep the situation calm. Despite the fact I used “I statements” I could have utilized this strategy more in the role play. Using statements that start with “I” in this crisis role intervention could have been more helpful in providing direction by being clear about what will occur and what as being asked of my client. I statements such as I am going to explain the steps that are going to occur next could have even provided clear support and worked as an effective communication tool between me and the client in order to help her acknowledge and understand what was happening or going to happen