Champagne, Anthony, and Edward Harpham. "Interest Groups and Lobbying" In Governing Texas An Introduction To Texas Politics. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2013. 196-205.
Both horses paw the ground in nervous excitement. The knights tightly grip their handles as they stoically stare at each other on either side of the long fence dividing them. The horses, feeling the imminence of battle, fidget uncontrollably. A cry in the air rings in both knights’ tin helmets like gunfire in a great hall. From one moment all was still, and the next both horses launch into full gallop down the fence picking up speed with each frantic paddle. Bracing, both knights close their eyes, the impact is coming. Much like this joust, The United States government contends with Texas government over many different issues. The long fence that divides these two powers is Federalism but much like in jousting, the lances are bound to cross this fence in a burst of splinters and sticks. By examining the contenders, The United States government and the Texas government, and their politics on issues such as immigration, we can get a better idea of the complex issues the system of Federalism can bring.
December 5, 1995, George W. Bush, Governor of Texas, the appellant, argued with Al Vera, the appellee, that racial gerrymandering, the intentional, not the accidental, segregation of voters on the basis of race, took place. Due to the 1990 census, population of 248,709,873 people in the United States on April first, an increase of 2,757,319 people from the years 1980 to 1990, the state of Texas is entitled to three new congressional seats. The delegation grew from 27 to 30. The legislature agreed to make the new districts as a majority-minority a United States congressional district composed of racial or ethnic minorities’ constituents. Two districts would be majority Hispanic located in south Texas, known as District 28 and in Houston, known as District. The other district would be majority African-American, this district is known as District. This would be located in Dallas. It is said that the segregation was needed because of how the two groups vote. They voted differently and the state feared that if the two, Hispanic and African-Americans, competed against one another the odds of people electing a minority representative would be less likely to happen (Racial Gerrymandering, Majority-Minority, Nelson Ebaugh, Texas Redistricting).
The legal authority of Texas cities to annex, and the reasons Texas has been a liberal annexer as well as why the pace of annexation has slowed since 1970 are numerous. In retrospect, this paper will discuss and bring to the table some of the finer points of these statements.
Looking at past cases dealing with similar issues, Baker v. Carr is a an example that shows how redistricting was looked at as a justiciable issue by the Supreme court, prior to Gomillion v. Lightfoot. The Supreme Court had usually left redistricting as a matter that should dealt with by the states and congress. This can also be seen in Colegrove v. Green, in which Justice Frankfurter declined to involve the Court in the districting process arguing that the political nature of apportionment disallowed judicial intervention.
Every ten years after a census, politicians redraw the district boundaries that determine the house and state legislature. The problem with this system is that the same politicians who redraw the district boundaries are the ones who are being elected by the
Texas Politics Each one of us, as a citizen of Texas and of the United States of America, has certain responsibilities and tasks to accomplish. Included in such tasks are the roles we are given and those we choose: the role of a father, an aunt, a doctor, or an elected official. In the role of an elected official, one has minimum standards of conduct and performance to adhere to--they are the basis of what one is judged by when it comes down to election time. Texas State Representative One of the Texas state representatives is Roberto Gutierrez.
Starting with methods, such as, pool taxes and literacy tests, cunningly denying individuals their right to vote or convey their political voice continues in America today. Saito in the article “The Political Significance of Race” describes the effects that redistricting and gerrymandering can have on a community, by using the decennial census as a “unique opportunity to examine the relation between race and politics because the 1965 Voting Rights Act requires the recognition and protection of the political rights of ethnic and racial minorities” (120). Redistricting is the redrawing of districts, block by block supposedly to ensure each district has about the same number of people, and to guarantee that each voter has an equal political say. Redistricting can determine which political party is in power in each district by deliberately ensuring the district is drawn to include the people who support a specific party. This is called gerrymandering, the manipulation of district lines to protect or change political power. This can be used as a strategy to dilute the political voice of minority groups by conveniently drawing the lines to minimize their
Following the U.S. census, (Law)all local, state and federal election districts must be re-mapped to account for a growing and mobile population. There are strict rules regarding redistricting, each state has autonomy to make their own decisions. American attempts to tailor district lines for political gain stretch back to the country's very origin. Patrick Henry, who opposed the new Constitution, tried to draw district lines to deny a seat in the first Congress.