The Sioux ignored the governments demand. General George Crook set up a camp in order to attack the natives. Sitting Bull realized they could not defeat the army alone, and they must stand with other tribes. On June 17, they forced a retreat of U.S. troops at the Battle of the Rosebud. On July 25, Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer led his soldiers into the village along the Little Big Horn River.
The film, Dances with Wolves, staring Kevin Costner gives a historically accurate presentation of the Sioux Indians and their way of life. In this production, Lieutenant John Dunbar, played by Costner, is rewarded for his heroic actions in the Civil War by being offered an opportunity to see the American frontier before it is gone. Dunbar is assigned to an abandoned fort where his only friends are a lone wolf and his beloved horse, Cisco. After several weeks of waiting for more American troops, a Sioux Indian makes contact with Dunbar and reports this finding to his chief. This incident sets off a train of events that would forever change John Dunbar and the Sioux tribe he encounters.
The Wounded Knee Massacre was final result of the growing problems between the Lakota Sioux and the American Government. After the Civil War tension began to escalate and ended on December 29, 1890. When the government took over most of the Lakota land and forced them into reservations the Indian way of life was destroyed and the large bison herds were hunted until they were endangered. The life in reservations was also difficult since many of the promises made by the government remained unfulfilled: “Promises to increase rations, made by U.S. officials in 1889 in order to secure signatures to reduce Sioux treaty lands by half, and to create six separate reservations, had proved false. Instead, rations had been cut precipitously, and the people were nearly starving.” (Robertson 1).
Wild buffalo and horses would return and there would be swift running water, sweet grass, and new trees. All Indians who danced the Ghost dance would be floating in the air when the new soil was being laid down and would be saved. The Ghost Dance was made illegal after the Wounded Knee massacre though. On December 28, 1890 the Seventh Cavalry saw Big Foot moving his tribe and Big Foot immediately put up a white flag. Major Samuel Whitside captured the Indians and took them to an army camp near the Pine Ridge reservation at Wounded Knee.
He was leading the Sioux into war at age 18 with the other chiefs of the tribe. I am going to tell you about three of the biggest battles that played a role in Crazy Horses short life. These battles are known as The Battle of Hundred in Hand, Battle of Rosebud, and The Battle of Little Bighorn. First, I will tell you about The Battle of Hundred in Hand. On December 21, 1866, the Sioux and Cheyenne tribes joined forces and went after William S. Fetterman 53 infantrymen and 23 calgary troops.
This battle was the last between the American Indians and the government, and therefore, it changed the history that we know The quarrel between the Sioux Indians and the United States government had been going on for a while before the actual clash. On December 15, 1890, the famous medicine man named “Sitting Bull” was shot and killed while the soldiers were trying to arrest him. He was mistakenly believed to be a Ghost Dancer, and they killed him. The 7th by Colonel James W. Forsyth. An argument started with a deaf Sioux named Black Coyote.
The Indians had been uprooted from their natural homes by the encroachment of white settlers on their lands. The con... ... middle of paper ... ..., Call No. F96.A3795 Last Days of the Sioux Nation, Robert M. Utley, 1961 (ch. 11 & 12 contained in WKPub; all pg numbers are in reference to that appearance) “Some Phases of the Recent Indian War.” Cited from Kerstetter, “Spin Doctors at Santee: Missionaries and the Dakota-Language Reporting of the Ghost Dance and Wounded Knee.” Western Historical Quarterly 1997 New York Times, “A Fight with the Hostiles.” December 30, 1890 p.1 c.4 New York Tribune, “Fighting at Pine Ridge.” January 1, 1891 p.1 c.3 “The agent further states that Sitting Bull is high priest and leading apostle of this latest Indian absurdity.” - R.V. Belt, Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Oct. 24, 1890.
Colonel George Armstrong Custer The West's most famous battle pitted glory seeking Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer and his 7th Cavalry against 3,000 warriors under the leadership of Chief Sitting Bull. Sitting Bull had been told to report to the Sioux reservation by the end of January 1876. when he chose to stay on his land that had earlier been promised to him and his people in a treaty, the government, or mostly the War Department declared Sitting Bull and his people hostile and planned a large scale military advance. Sitting Bull sent messengers to the Sioux, the Cheyenne, and the Arapaho, including the tribes that were on reservations, trying to get the tribes to unite against the advancing white troops. An assembly of over 10,000 Indians chose Sitting Bull as the war chief of all the camps combined. (This was the first and last time one chief was the head of a organized Indian war party that consisted of many Indian tribes.)
The great southern herd of American bison, lifeblood of the Southern Plains tribes, was all but exterminated in just four yearsfrom 1874 to 1878. The hunters slaughtered the animals by the thousands, sending the hides back East and leaving the carcasses to rot on the plainsand the U.S. government did nothing to stop them. The disappearance of the buffalo impoverished the tribes and forced them to depend on reservation rations.
On June of 1876, the Indian Chief, Sitting Bull, was with the Sioux and Cheyenne tribes waiting to ambush General George Custer and his cavalry. Custer was completely caught off guard, and the Indians were able to slaughter Custer’s regiment within an hour of fighting. This angered the government, provoking them to rid of the Indians once and for all. The event that officially ended the Native American way of life was the battle of Wounded Knee that occurred in 1890. In honor of their dead leader, Custer’s old regiment found the remaining Sioux Indians that had ambushed Custer, setting camp at Wounded Knee