Reconstructive Memory And The Theory Of Effective Memory

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Thus an important reminder is that theory of reconstructive memory was developed by Bartlett based on this work. The theory nonetheless does not intent to discredit all memories, terming them as inaccurate. In fact, some researchers such as Gallo (2006) established that some reconstructed memories are usually very accurate. However, the instance of flashbulb memories being fully accurate are questionable, since as earlier mentioned, the great deal of emotion experienced during the actual occurrence of the event might trigger biological in addition to psychological process, which may in turn affect the cognitive process associated with developing and retrieving memory. However, the fact that some reconstructive memory might be true should motivate psychologist to strive and find a way of determining whether a memory is true or false (Postarino & Doyle-Portillio 2013).
Other than studies from Barlett, various other studies (Loftus and Palmer 1974; Bransford and Johnson, 1973, Underwood, 1965; Deese, 1959) cited in Bartholomew (2001) have found memory reconstruction can be distorted leading to false memories. The question therefore that remains confusing is how one can identify factual from false memory. Identifying factual memory from false memory is one of the biggest challenges facing human memory research. Reconstructive memory theory has found its use in various fields including psychological, legal, and law enforcement. Appreciating reconstructive memory theory is likely to motivate researchers to analyze memory more in depth, to ensure memory is actually the true representation of the past. Three tools or technique recommended by different researchers might be used to do the analysis (Bernstein & Loftus, 2009).

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