Destruction of Reconstruction Everyone knows about the South during Civil War times, and how they did not want to make slaves free, so they tried to leave and form the Confederate. However, after the war was over, both the North and South made many mistakes. It was 1876, 100 years after The Declaration of Independence, and the country was still healing from the bloodiest war in American history. It was the Civil War, which raged from 1861 to 1865, where the outcome was that all men, no matter what their race, were equals and could even vote.
After the Civil War ended in 1865, the Northern Republicans decided to start Reconstruction in the South by implementing the morals of the North. The North’s actions outraged the South so the South decided to use violence to oppose the changes. The Klu Klux Klan, also known as the KKK, was an American terrorist group that was against Reconstruction and was considered to be the Democrat’s unofficial wing. The KKK was the main group that carried out the violent acts against blacks and supporters of Reconstruction. Eric Foner constructs a convincing argument of why Reconstruction ended through his evidence of Democratic violence against Republicans and legislative and political opposition to Reconstruction. The white Southern Democrats also used legislations such as the Black Codes to show that they did not agree with Reconstruction. Also, during the time when Lincoln was planning his Reconstruction, he was assassinated and Andrew Johnson took his place as president. Johnson decided to implement his version of Reconstruction, which conflicted with Congress’s Reconstruction. Reconstruction ended because of Southern Democratic opposition to the plan. This opposition weakened Republican’s will to implement their views on the South. There were also conflicting ideas between Johnson and the government how Reconstruction should be carried out
Amendments were passed that banned confederate officials from state or federal office unless approved by two-thirds of Congress. After ten southern state governments were declared illegal, the south was divided into five districts, all ran by the US military. The South despised this reconstruction and did everything in their power, and then some, to restore white power in the south. First, they formed the Ku Klux Klan as a social group for confederate veterans. It quickly took a turn for the worst and became an anti-black anti-Radical group whose goal was to regain white power. Most of what the group did was secret, so it was called the “invisible empire of the South.” The men in the klan dressed in white robes and cone shaped hats to represent fallen confederate. They used violence to get what they wanted. A popular sign that the klan used to show their next target was burning a cross on someone’s front yard. The klan burnt homes, lynched blacks accused of crimes, and did whatever they could to achieve their goal which was “a white man’s government by white men for the benefit of white men.” Even after the election of 1876 in which Rutherford B. Hayes ended reconstruction, the South was still trying to gain more power. They discouraged blacks from voting by forcing them to take literacy tests, which they would not pass, or putting a tax on voting, called a poll tax, which they could not pay. Also popular, was the grandfather clause, stating that if one’s grandfather could vote, then so could they and vice versa. The southern people of that time would never be okay with not having all the power they could possibly
Ex-Confederates, ex-rebels, and fellow countrymen were treated unfairly when returning to the Union. Northerners made no move to welcome the south back in though they were already licking their wounds from their loss. Southerners weren’t allowed back into Congress, when the South sent their representatives they were turned away at the door. Lincoln had created the 10% plan to where if 10% of the Southern people pledged their loyalty to the United States then they would be allowed back and their rights restored. This plan was cast out by Johnson and Congress and a new plan that gave more power to the Federal gover...
Reconstruction was supposed to be a happy, healing time for our country. The intention of this era was to rebuild the South and bring both North and South back together again. However, as if the United States had not seen enough fighting during the Civil War, Reconstruction involved even more chaos. This time promised a new life for African Americans in the south. The newly freed blacks anticipated many opportunities that they had never before dreamed of , “[yet] that promising dawn did not usher in a bright new day of educational, social, and political possibilities” (Butchart, 2010, pp. 153-154). Instead, whites proved that they were incapable of coinciding with African Americans on all three previously mentioned levels. As of result of this
1965 saw the end of the four-year long American Civil War, a bloody conflict that left the nation crippled and hundreds of thousands of men killed. The following assassination of Abraham Lincoln left the nation in the hands of Andrew Johnson to work to restore the South both socially and politically. His policy of presidential reconstruction was widely condemned from his Republican colleagues, resulting in their virtual takeover of congress and the formation of the policy of Radical Reconstruction, an eleven year long attempt by ‘radical republicans’ to rebuild the South and thus the nation through social and political means which, although short-lived, served as a means of enfranchising the African American community and attempted to bring about social and political stability in the south.
1. For some, the primary motive in the Reconstruction was revenge, however I believe that for the majority the primary motives was to help the African Americans. A few radical did want to get revenge on the South for seceding but others wanted equality for African Americans. Proof of this can be seen by the variety of laws and constitutional amendments that are passed. The 13th Amendment eliminated slavery but then the 14th Amendment established national citizenship for persons born or naturalized within the United States. This made sure African Americans were citizens. Furthermore, the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 gave enslaved citizens citizenship and also gave them equal protection and rights of contract along with full access
By helping former slaves reconstruction gets better because they are tied together. When Northern Neglect got tired of helping blacks they stopped helping reconstruction grow too. The people in the North grew tired of the “Negro question.” (DocC). Public opinions in the North were changing about how they felt about reconstruction and former slaves (Doc C). One former slave was a legislature who was threatened by the KKK and the North did nothing about it (Doc B). The Republican President Rutherford B. Hayes from the North took soldiers out of the south almost granting the government a all white government. People believed that former slaves were slaves so long that they didn’t know the method of a normal person (Doc D). They said “Blacks need a period of probation and instruction.” Ignoring the African-Americans of their rights made the rebuilding of the nation fail. Rutherford Hayes ended the failing effort the North
In the words of President Abraham Lincoln during his Gettysburg Address (Doc. A), the Civil War itself, gave to our Nation, “a new birth of freedom”. The Civil War had ended and the South was in rack and ruin. Bodies of Confederate soldiers lay lifeless on the grounds they fought so hard to protect. Entire plantations that once graced the South were merely smoldering ash. The end of the Civil War and the abolishment of slavery, stirred together issues and dilemmas that Americans, in the North and South, had to process, in hopes of finding the true meaning of freedom.