The Southern white Democrats opposed Reconstruction by using violence through the Klu Klux Klan and other similar groups to weaken the Republican support. The Klu Klux Klan attacked not only blacks who participated in politics or who supported Reconstruction but also attacked whites that supported Reconstruction. Many Southerners knew about the brutality of the Klu Klux Klan attacks. Fo...
From the beginning of the Civil War all the way up to the end of Reconstruction, the United States endured a similar type of revolution than it had dealt with in the previous years. In this time, many social and constitutional advancements brought about great change and discord in the country. However, some of these constitutional developments ended up causing conflict such as the civil rights bills and Emancipation Proclamation, in addition to the social developments such as the Black Codes, Ku Klux Klan, and the Freedman’s Bureau. All together, these important events helped put the country into a revolution.
In 1870s, a group of merchants, planters and business man, whom form part of the Democrat politic system called themselves Redeemers used persuasion to prevent blacks from voting on the elections. President Grant decided not to intervene in the South’s affairs as well as the northern states. During this period a group of Democrats destroyed ballot boxes and used the force to pulled blacks away from the polls; As a consequence, this ended the reconstruction period in the south (Foner, p. 620). Furthermore, some of the members of the Republican Party were not happy with this corruption that occurred d...
Amendments were passed that banned confederate officials from state or federal office unless approved by two-thirds of Congress. After ten southern state governments were declared illegal, the south was divided into five districts, all ran by the US military. The South despised this reconstruction and did everything in their power, and then some, to restore white power in the south. First, they formed the Ku Klux Klan as a social group for confederate veterans. It quickly took a turn for the worst and became an anti-black anti-Radical group whose goal was to regain white power. Most of what the group did was secret, so it was called the “invisible empire of the South.” The men in the klan dressed in white robes and cone shaped hats to represent fallen confederate. They used violence to get what they wanted. A popular sign that the klan used to show their next target was burning a cross on someone’s front yard. The klan burnt homes, lynched blacks accused of crimes, and did whatever they could to achieve their goal which was “a white man’s government by white men for the benefit of white men.” Even after the election of 1876 in which Rutherford B. Hayes ended reconstruction, the South was still trying to gain more power. They discouraged blacks from voting by forcing them to take literacy tests, which they would not pass, or putting a tax on voting, called a poll tax, which they could not pay. Also popular, was the grandfather clause, stating that if one’s grandfather could vote, then so could they and vice versa. The southern people of that time would never be okay with not having all the power they could possibly
The Reconstruction Era began at the end of the Civil War until 1877, when the U.S. worked in unity to put the country back together again after the contentious and blood-spattered war. This period was of tremendous conflict because there was so much at stake, and there was several different views on how the Reconstruction of the nation should be handled. There were conflict and struggle in the South, between branches of the federal government, and between the states of the former Confederacy and the federal government.
During the year of 1865, after the North’s victory in the Civil War, the Republican Party began to pass national legislation in order to secure free blacks’ rights.
The souths conditions after the war were horriable, as if there wasnt a south to even begin with. After the civil war the land was in ruins and destroyed by the north, William Techumseh Sherman had burned everything from the Mississippi to the Georgia coast committing rampant war crimes along the way and even burned Atlanta to the ground! Confederate currency was useless, which led to banks being pointless even though they were already ruined. Then there wasnt any law or authority, many slaves ran and became free which lossed in total at least two billion dollars worth and governments bassicly vanquished.
The Civil War was fought hard and caused mass destruction not just physically but socially. After the South failed to be victorious, the North immediately acted upon reconstructing what was lost. Reconstruction began very strong and promising until Abraham Lincoln died and the new president Andrew Johnson overrode his 10% plan. A turn in the original plan failed to achieve the political, economic, and social effects it originally intended.
It brought many problems with it causing it to fail, mainly because of the white’s resistance against the blacks. The southern whites or the “confederates” were very uncooperative with new laws passed by the blacks or the yankees. Many groups were formed to revolt against these people. The biggest group that many of us know today, the Ku Klux Klan, who emerged to maintain white dominance and intimidate black voters or any white people that supported them. As soon as the former confederates earned their right to vote again they began to undo most of the social and economic reforms through a systematic process in an effort to undo the Reconstruction and restore it to the Old South. They passed laws stating that the 14th and 15th amendments only applied for African Americans at the federal level. Although the Radical Republicans worked for years to try and restore and secure the equal rights, that changed in 1874. Under the Democratic leadership, many of the Reconstruction programs were hurt or eliminated
Reconstruction was in many ways a failed attempt at rebuilding America. The aftershocks of this era will have lasting effects on the American society for centuries to come. This period was intended to stitch America back together after the ravages of the Civil War. U.S. History describes it as: “although the military conflict had ended, Reconstruction was in many ways still a war” (“Reconstruction”). Instead of uniting again, this time period drove the North and the South further apart. The North sought liberation and equality for the former slaves, whereas the South so desperately clung to their way of life where African Americans were just the dirt on the bottom of a shoe. It has taken centuries to make everyone equal. We all may be equal
The Civil War was one of the most brutal battles that the United States has ever part-taken in. This was because of the fact that we are ultimately fighting ourselves. This battle was to set order and form to the newly drafted nation called The United States of America. The Reconstruction period affected ideas of American Identity, national purpose and citizenship for many reasons shown throughout the era of the mid-late 1800’s.
In the fall of 1867, local black leaders, ministers and Republicans mobilized large numbers of voters in the South. Southerners in Alabama united to “claim exactly the same rights, privileges and immunities as are enjoyed by white men”. 265 African Americans were elected as delegates to state conventions. However, democrats controlled the North and racial prejudice was a major concern. Blacks tried to pursue their dreams of equality, but whites wanted to keep as many features of slavery as they could. The end result of the Reconstruction was violence, brutality and election fraud.
Abraham Lincoln ran against Stephan Douglas for senator. They debated about slavery, both having different views on slavery. Lincoln argued against the spread of slavery while Douglas debated that each territory should have the right to decide whether each state should become free or slaved. Lincoln lost the election, but gained a national reputation that won him the Republican nomination for President in 1860. President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation that promises freedom for the slaves. Lincoln wanted to reconstruct the country, to rebuild, trust and make peace. While planning of the Reconstruction, one of America’s bloodiest wars was taking place, the Civil War, between the North and the South of the United States. The Northerners wanted to limit the spread of slavery and the
The Union victory after the Civil War in 1865 gave 4 million slaves their freedom, but rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction (1865-1877) created new obstacles for African Americans. Under the Presidency of Andrew Johnson in 1865 and 1866, the southern states passed ‘black codes’ to control the labour and behaviour of former slaves and other African Americans. Opposition in the North over these codes decreased support for the Presidential Reconstruction and led to the triumph of the more radical wing of the Republican Party. During Radical Reconstruction, which began in 1867, newly freed African Americans gained a voice in government for the first time in American history, winning election to southern state legislatures and even the
Think back to when the Civil War finally ended after five terrible years of battle and a poor farmer is trying to pick up his life make a living for his family. The southern reconstruction of 1865 was suppose to aid the farmer in reestablish his life and homestead, yet the years delay postponed the inevitable. After the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, the Reconstruction Bill halted, due to the policies for President Ulysses S. Grant. When many people thought reconstruction was killed, it was actually just delayed and was later reinstated by President Rutherford B. Hayes in 1877. In the eleven years it took for the South to