At the end of the Civil War there was a period of time in the United States known as the reconstruction period, that lasted for about a decade. During this period the country was in a state of rebuilding. Money, bonds, and stocks were worth nothing. Forty thousand United State citizens were dead or gone, and cities lay in ruin. The dream of an independent nation was just that, an unrealistic dream. The south had lost entire cities to destruction of war and needed to not only rebuild them but also revive its cotton industry. During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods, there were many changes going on in the Union. The Emancipation Proclamation, as well as legislation such as the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, was causing a new awakening of democracy; while the renouncing of secession by the South marked a definite triumph for Nationalism. As well, the government was involved in altercations of its own. During reconstruction, the legislative and executive branches eventually came to blows over the use of power. The nation was being altered by forces which caused, and later repaired, a broken Union.
In theory, Lincoln’s plan of Reconstruction seemed an efficient way to redeem the South of its devastation. He was willing to give them a break and do far more for the former Confederates than they deserved. Reconstruction proved to be a failure because Southerners regressive and resistant to change. Because of conflicting viewpoints between Andrew Johnson and congress, the false promises of the Reconstruction Amendments and South’s reign of terror on African Americans these efforts were dismantled.
After the Civil War ended in 1865, the new struggle was a plan that would possibly unite the nation. This plan was known as the “Reconstruction.” When the Civil War ended most cities in the south were fine, but as you proceeded to the countryside; the barns were all burnt, chimneys standing without houses and houses standing without roofs, or doors, or windows. (Hakim). At an estimated 360,000 deaths in Union and 260,00 deaths for the Confederacy, many Northerners felt that the South had to pay for their actions by punishing them. President Lincoln decided he wanted to resolve this situation in a peaceful way and asked the Northerners to forget their anger. Due to this, Lincoln wanted the Confederacy to rejoin the Union and set up new state governments as soon as possible. In congress there were people known as Radical Republican that wanted to defend the rights of the African American and change the South. John Wilkes Booth a Southern man against Lincoln’s decision shot him dead on April 14, 1865 at Fords Theater. Once, President Lincoln died, the new president was Andrew Johnson. Before Lincoln died, he had plans for the reconstruction, however President Johnson put Lincoln’s plan into action. This meant that the Southern states had to extirpate slavery. Southern Whites passed black codes to get rid of the African Americans rights. This led to the start group of the Freedmen Bureau, which provided support to the poor African Americans and Whites. Throughout the Reconstruction, Congress added three amendments to the Constitution. One benefit was that the national government had more power states. The first of three amendments passed was the thirteenth amendment, which got rid of slavery, however Black Codes still restricted Afric...
Andrew Johnson took office after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in 1865. He was a Southern Democrat from Tennessee, when he became president, the Civil War had ended and reconstruction was in its beginning stages. Johnson was then faced with the same problems Lincoln had -- the challenge of mending a broken nation, yet there was a definite difference in the ways Johnson and Lincoln approached the problems of Reconstruction. Johnson was not one of our best or brightest presidents, he did not care about his public appearance and he was not good at making decisions. One of the most illogical decisions Johnson made as president was to start a new reconstruction plan, before his death Lincoln already had a plan set out. Yet Johnson blatantly ignored the original reconstruction plan and that was when he began to experience abhorrence from both the Northerners and the Southerners which led to his impeachment. His impeachment, in May 1868, was because of his violation of the Tenure of office Act but it was mainly about the nation’s loathing for the president.
As people, you should think that things like world peace wouldn't be an issue any more, but as time went on, it still never changed. Back 1865-1877, the biggest topic to talk about was was about slavery. After Lincoln died, Andrew Jackson, a southerner, took his place. So everything that Lincoln try to accomplish, was all thrown away. This is way I feel that slaves were never truly free during the Reconstruction era.
The Civil War was a very brutal time yet what came after was even more tragic. It was called Reconstruction. . Reconstruction means to re-build. After the Civil War, which occurred between the years 1861-1865, most of America wanted to re-build and preserve the Union. The Reconstruction era did not last though. Both the North and the South played roles in destroying the Reconstruction though the South played a bigger role in killing it. The South had a bigger impact on killing the Reconstruction because of things the Ku Klux Klan did and how the southern states were formed their government.
The reconstruction of the south after the Civil War was one of the biggest struggles of nation because of the turmoil and dramatic change in the country. The South was faced with the issue of black citizens and that they will have equal rights that the whites have. Additionally, the emancipation of slaves caused many riots and conflicts because the white citizens did not approve of the fact that their society is integrated. The biggest issue that the South faced was trying to incorporate the newly freed slaves into the society because they are uneducated and are unable to sustain themselves economically. The death of Abe Lincoln proved harmful to the nation because the Congress and Johnson were not able to agree on a reconstruction plan and they had different opinions. The emancipation of slaves was a major milestone in the history of the United States, but it caused more problems than solutions in the beginning of reconstruction.
...re not allow to use establishments whites used, had horrible schools, and limited freedoms. Whites used the Black Code to keep blacks as second class citizens and the laws were created after the Civil War mainly to keep African Americans as indentured servants. Although the Black Code laws varied from state to state, the main goal of the laws was to keep African Americans as second class citizens. The codes regulated civil and legal rights like property rights and the right to marry. After hearing of the unconstitutional Black Codes in the South, congress sought to enact the 15th amendment, which would let newly freed slaves vote. Unfortunately the amendment was vetoed by President Johnson, and after a vast number of elections that the Republicans won in 1866, the south succumbed to martial law. The Black Codes were repealed allowing freed slaves the right to vote.
As the Civil War ended in 1865, the country was crippled by the effects of the war. The war that was fought to keep the Union whole had become a fight to end slavery. As country began to build back up during Reconstruction, political, economic and social conflicts abrew during the war would continue through Reconstruction. Reconstruction challenged society as White Southerners choose to use their freedom in violence and the “superior” race and blacks attempted to be treated equal in their lives as freed men and women.
The reconstruction of the Union or the United States of America was one of the most trying times in the country's history. After Robert E. Lee surrendered the confederate army, so began the reconstruction period. The first plan for reconstruction was the Lincoln plan, which was lenient plan, which was called the 10% plan. So in this plan, all of the confederates would be pardoned except for high ranking officials and war criminals, but they had to swear allegiance to the Union. The reason though, why it was called the 10% plan, was because after ten percent of the state swore allegiance to the Union, then the states could form a new government. There were only four states that could abide by this plan, and those states were Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Virginia. Shortly after that, Lincoln was assassinated. Next after Johnson became president, his plan came into effect, which was very similar to Lincolns, but instead of just High ranking officials not being able to the oath, wealthy farmers could not take the oath as well, because of Johnson's fear that the Black peoples would rise up and take over the South. The final plan, was the congresses plan. The plan from congress was that which would help out slaves, as most of the states were not
The American civil war marks the beginning of a new era in United States history. The civil war helped preserve the union and free the slaves. After the end of civil war, between 1865-1877, the nation faced big challenges to reconstruct the country and transform the southern states. Abraham Lincoln created the reconstruction plan, but when he was assassinated, the successor’s, Andrew Johnson and the Congress, adopted Lincoln's plan. Reconstruction was the period when the federal government restored and brought states to the union. During reconstruction era many goals were accomplished and leaders abilities were uncovered. Sadly however, reconstruction era came to an end by political, economical, and social problems causing it to fail as a whole.
The Civil War was a devastating war for the country, especially in the South. Rebuilding the nation after the war was more difficult than the actual war itself. The reconstruction was a success because it unified the United States once again as one country and abolishes slavery, but it also was unsuccessful because it failed to protect the blacks’ rights and discrimination against them.
Black Codes served a massive part in African Americans not gaining their freedom during the era of reconstruction. First these laws made it illegal for a white person and a black person to get married. Also it gave the right for white masters to whip black servants or workers under 18 years old to discipline them. Thirdly if black workers quit their job before the labor contract was ended they could be arrested or returned to their masters or bosses by a judge’s order. Lastly African Americans did not gain their
After the North won the civil war, it was time to rebuild this nation. This period of reconstruction was supposed to have a profound change on society. Unfortunately this was not the case. Reconstruction did not fundamentally alter this nation. Not to say that nothing happened, but nothing that really made a change or difference happened. First, the control of the south was given right back to the planter elite. Also, even though slavery was abolished; blacks were not free. Finally, Congress and President Johnson could not get along. Although the civil war reshaped this country profoundly. The reconstruction efforts did little but scratch a surface, before being quickly wiped away.
The key goals of Reconstruction were to readmit the South into the Union and to define the status of freedmen in American society. The Reconstruction era was marked by political, not violent, conflict. Some historical myths are that the South was victimized by Reconstruction, and that the various plans of Reconstruction were corrupt and unjust. Actually, the plans were quite lenient, enforcing military rule for only a short period of time, ignoring land reform, and granting pardons easily. The task of Reconstruction was to re-integrate America into a whole nation, securing the rights of each man and establishing order once again. There were three major Reconstruction plans; Lincoln, Johnson, and Congress each offered a strategy to unify the nation.