Reconstruction And The End Of The Civil Rights Movement

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After the Civil War, a period of time was spent working to rebuild and reunite the nation. This period of time was called Reconstruction, and the people of America were faced with a difficult task that required their time, patience, and cooperation. Unfortunately, it didn’t always go as planned. Many years later came the Civil Right’s movement, other wise known as the Second Reconstruction. The Civil Rights Movement had somewhat similar goals to post Civil War Reconstruction, but their amount of success varied greatly between the two . After the end of the Civil War, Congress was comprised of mostly Radical Republicans who wanted to help African Americans in the South. They passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866, which allowed black freedmen the same rights as white men, such as being able to sue and be on jury. In order to make sure that these rights would remain, the 14th and 15th amendments were ratified. The 14th Amendment guaranteed black people citizenship, and the 15th Amendment gave African American men the right to vote . Similar to what Congress was trying to do, President Lyndon B. Johnson during the Civil Rights Movement managed to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which basically contained many laws that outlawed discrimination and segregation based on race, religion, nationality, and gender. During both of these “reconstructions,” the government worked hard to establish equality for blacks in the nation . Congress attempted to pass more laws, and even created the Civil Rights Act of 1875, which banned racial discrimination in public. Unfortunately for the freed blacks in the South, these laws didn’t hold any authority over the determined Southerners. Andrew Johnson, a white Southerner who took over the role of Presi... ... middle of paper ... ...e of America were united and that unity brought them strength and courage . One of the major parts of Reconstruction was creating equal rights for the freed black people. In a way this could be called the “first civil rights movement,” because Congress’s goals were similar to some of the goals during the Civil Rights Movement. Unfortunately, Reconstruction failed to achieve its goal of equal rights for African Americans. Instead, segregation and racial discrimination laws were put into effect. For years it went on like this, until the 1950s to 1960s, other wise known as the Civil Rights Movement. African Americans were getting tired of being treated in such a harsh and cruel manner, that they, along with many other people such as the President and Congress, decided to take action to end inequality, not just for race, but for religion, gender, and nationality .

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the ku klux klan campaigned against african americans and was one of the more violent hate groups.
  • Explains how andrew johnson became lenient with the south and vetoed any laws congress tried to pass concerning the rights of african americans.
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