explanatory Essay
910 words
910 words

Reconstruction was the time between 1863 and 1877 when the U.S. focused on abolishing slavery, destroying the Confederacy, and reconstructing the nation and the Constitution and is also the general history of the post-Civil War era in the U.S. between 1865 and 1877. Under Abraham Lincoln, presidential reconstruction began in each state as soon as federal troops controlled most of the state. The usual ending date is 1877, when the Compromise of 1877 saw the collapse of the last Republican state governments in the South Reconstruction opened many doors for its newly freed African American citizens. One the many doors, were those of political office. Though these doors opened for blacks in a variety of places, the social origins of most were very similar. Very few of these leaders were wealthy, educated, or well traveled before assuming public office. Even fewer of these men had military experience. Furthermore, most were ex-slaves. However, this lack of experiences did not hold them back from making great achievements. These great leaders helped pave the way for universal public education, helped change laws regarding imprisonment for debt and inheritance for women, and introduced state's first civil rights bill in state House of Representatives and Senate. Alabama leaders helped introduce the Republican Party to Alabama; and helped make it a formidable force. African American leaders also established first black banks and labor union and assisted in establishing schools and churches. But who were these great leaders that varied so vastly and contributed so greatly? Historian, Eric Foner, identifies over 1500 African American officeholders during the Reconstruction period (1865-1876). All were Republicans. T... ... middle of paper ... ...ding investigations into the activities of the Ku Klux Klan) and he also served on the Board of Canvassers, testifying on behalf of Josiah Thomas Walls. Gibbs was also appointed Superintendent of Public Instruction and Lieutenant Colonel in the Florida State Militia. These three men, along with many others, pave the way for the success of black people today. Although reconstruction was a failure, these African American leaders showed what they could do in the face of adversity. With all odds against they still prevailed into their, though short lived, influential positions, making the way for the Barack Obama’s and Colin Powell’s today. References

In this essay, the author

  • Identifies over 1500 african-american officeholders during the reconstruction period, including hiram revels, joseph hayne rainey, and jonathan clarkson gibbs.
  • Explains that hiram rhodes revels was the first african american to serve in the united states senate. he represented mississippi in 1870 and 1871 during reconstruction.
  • Explains that joseph hayne rainey was born in georgetown, south carolina, on june 31, 1832. he was the first african american to serve in the united states house of representatives and the second black person to be directly elected to congress.
  • Explains that reconstruction was the time between 1863 and 1877 when the u.s. focused on abolishing slavery, destroying the confederacy, and reconstructing the nation.
  • Explains that jonathan clarkson gibbs was an active member of the abolitionist movement and established schools for newly freed slaves. he was elected to the state constitutional convention of 1868.
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