In creating Willy Loman, Miller presents the audience with a tragic figure of human proportions. Miller characterizes the ordinary man (the 'low man') and ennobles his achievements. Willy's son, Biff, calls his father a 'prince', evoking a possible comparison with Shakespeare's Hamlet, prince of Denmark.. Thus, the play appeals greatly to the audience because it elevates an ordinary American to heroic status. Death of a Salesman seems to conform to the 'tragic' tradition that there is an anti-hero whose state of hamartia causes him to suffer.
Hero of Paradise Lost John Milton introduces the reader to Satan in the first book of Paradise Lost. Satan is shown defeated in the Lake of Fire after rebelling against God in heaven. Satan rises from the lake and gives a heroic speech to his fallen angels. This displays Satan as a tragic hero, someone who is seen as great but is destined to fail. Satan tries to be the victor, but in the end Satan fails, and Christ is the true hero.
The first two books of Paradise Lost describe Satan, the fallen angels, and their experiences after they fall from heaven. Satan’s followers are still confident in their ambitious leader. Satan feels pressured to somehow make it up to the fallen angels for their humiliating downfall. When nobody volunteers to explore the new world, Satan, as the commander, takes it upon himself. Due to his constant pride, Satan is courageous, a quality of an epic hero.
Milton prompts the reader to understand God’s grace as the most almighty and powerful aspect within the first twenty-six lines. God is a powerful ruler who bestows blessings if his policies are followed and eternal damnation if not. The first two books of Paradise Lost portray Satan as a confused, resentful man who feels the need to rebel against God. Since Satan rebelled against God, he was banished from heaven and summoned into an eternal hell. While in hell, Satan gathered his fallen angels for a pep talk and exclaimed to them, “Farewell, happy fields, where joy forever dwell; in my choice to reign is worth ambition though in Hell” (Book 1, Line 1).
However according to the Bible this is exactly how God intends for us to live. Luke 16:20 introduces us to the story of Lazarus, a beggar, whom “full of sores” laid at a rich man’s gate (p. 317). In this parable both Lazarus and this rich man die. Lazarus was “carried by the angels into Abraham’s bosom” or heaven (Luke 16:22, p. 317). The rich man went to hell where Abraham points out to the rich man “in thy lifetime [you] receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented” (Luke 16:25, p.317).
What impressions are there of life in Maycomb in To Kill a Mockingbird Maycomb is seen as a tired and sleepy town, where nothing happens. Maycomb is a very isolated town itself, so it is insular. There are no nearby towns or villages so are very alone. This makes the town so boring and tired. Nothing very exciting happens in Maycomb, if there is something reasonably different from to Maycomb’s usual routine then the community get both excited but also scared.
There are obvious similarities between Victor and his creation; each is abandoned, isolated, and both start out with good intentions. However, Victor’s ego in his search for god-like capabilities overpowers his humanity. The creature is nothing but benevolent until society shuns him as an outcast on account of his deformities. The creature is more humane than his own creator because his wicked deeds are committed in response to society’s corruption; while Frankenstein’s evil work stems only from his own greed. Victor Frankenstein and his creation are very much alike.
A tragic hero brings his own demise upon himself due to a crippling character flaw. Willy Loman from “Death of a Salesman” by Arthur Miller satisfies the criteria for a tragic hero because his pride leads to his downfall. Despite not being a man of high estate, Willy’s readiness to “lay down his life” (miller criticism) makes him a prime example of a modern tragic hero. Willy’s pride inhibits the success of his family by feeding his egotistical nature, idealism, and false value system. Willy eventually addresses these negative traits he possesses and sacrifices himself for his family, thus satisfying Death of a Salesman as a tragic play.
Oedipus possesses a multitude of characteristics, some of them common to other characters, but pride is exceptionally prevalent. This characteristic, which margins with utter arrogance, appears to be one of the dominant flaws that causes Oedipus’ tragic downfall. This is plainly established in the beginning of the play in which he states “I Oedipus whom all men call the great. '; (p11.8). This is strengthened by the Priest’s replies of “...Oedipus, Greatest in all men’s eyes,'; (p12.40) and “Noblest of men'; (p12.46).
The first impression we get of Pangloss is that he is almost a sickeningly optimistic man. He believes that he lives in "the best of all possible worlds" and no matter what happens to him he feels that it is for the better. Even after Pangloss becomes extremely ill with syphilis, nearly hanged, almost dissected, and put in prison, he holds onto his theory. Since he believes so strongly in the idea that everything happens for a reason, he makes no effort to change anything, and even stops Candide from rescuing Jacques as he is drowning. Pangloss holds a certain arrogance and narrow mindedness that is carried through after his own "resurrection", proving that his character flaws will never die because they will always remain in the world.