It was a peace agreement between the countries of the Allied Powers and ended Germany’s in... ... middle of paper ... ...Republic was marked by failure. The inflation in 1923, caused in part by the Versailles settlement, drove people away from democracy and towards Nazism. Socially, the Nazi movement had taken root with many conservatives as a way to unify and oppose the treaty. Books and literature written by Nazi leaders such as Hitler himself were propaganda to the movement and allowed for the party to solidify its goals. Politically, the republic was fractured and messy allowing for many parties to rise and fall out of favor.
Hitler, intensely detesting the November criminals1, promised to build a back powerful nation, the German public, in a state of disillusionment, responded positively to this claim and began to support the Nazi Party. Hitler’s ability to take advantage of the Treaty of Versalles and the hardship that it brought to the German nation contributed to Hitler’s rise to power and the collapse of the Weimar Republic. The instability of the newly for... ... middle of paper ... ... with other factors, lured many Germans in to believing in the nazi ideals and supporting the Nazi party whilst stirring up a hatred of the current Weimar Republic. With a combination of poor leadership on the Weimar Government’s behalf, the signing of the hated Treaty of Versailles and an unattractive economic situation, Hitler, using his charismatic personality, was able to convince the majority of the public to resort to the extremist nazi party. There are many other factors that influenced the collapse of the Weimar Republic and the rise of Nazism; In every case, however, Hitler’s manipulative skills and sophisticated behavior towards circumstances lead to the success of the Nazi Party.
Religious persecution was at its worst, which shows that the Tsar was very dependant on Orthodox Christians because they believed he was ordained by God. The situation was getting worse because the government's policy of increasing taxes had failed and now peasan... ... middle of paper ... ...hlighted the outdated form of government in Russia. However Kokovstov is not completely correct as it may have been that without war, Tsarism in Russia may have still collapsed. Tolstoy's idea appears to contribute more as it is clear that autocracy was out of date. The Tsar tried to handle too much responsibility all on his own.
The Treaty of Versailles also created many problems, mainly affecting the German economy, which was after all already weak due to the war. During the First World War, Germany was lead by the dictatorship of their Kaiser (Wilhelm), who ended up abdicating (9TH Nov. 1918) after violent uprisings against him. He was replaced by the Weimar Republic in 1918, with new president Ebert. The Democratic Republic was something completely new to Germany, and the lost war gave the new government a bad starting point - considering the loss was one of the first things they had to inform the German public of. Previous to this Germany had thought they would win the war because of the information being fed to them by the Kaiser.
The after effects of the war caused a rise in nationalism and want for revenge. Ultimately, democracy faded in and out during the 1918-1945 showing the style of governing to be fragile. World War 1 was unnecessary and was caused by the web of all of the country’s alliances with each other. The war was
To solve this problem the government printed more money but without the economy to support it caused massive hyperinflation and the first German depression. This helped Hitler because the political and economical problems in the Weimer Republic caused many Putsches' to take place one led by Hitler in 1923. When this putsch was put down and Hitler was imprisoned it convinced him to change he tactics of getting to power from brute force to electoral system. Hitler could also use the fact that the treaty had been signed as a policy. Constantly promising to abolish the treaty and attacking to Weimer government calling the government traitors and weak.
It seems they cannot fight such oppositions forever. Economically Germany was going down an extremely slippery slop, the Mark’s value was plummeting, unemployment was rising and starvation was rampaging Germany. Reparation weren’t forgiven although Germany was in such a state. Physiologically the people’s mind would never appreciate this government nor will they forgive them, World War 1 had left them brutalised. This experience would not disappear from the annals of history nor will would the people adapt the democracy and way of life the Weimar Republic has brought.
It seems as though Hitler and the Nazi Party were the main crisis behind the demise of the Weimar state but there were many conditions and events, which contributed to allow Hitler’s party to emerge into German politics and gain control. Post war Germany 1918, was under severe economic and cultural damage after a humiliating defeat against the allies. This further worsened as the people of Germany had been led to believe that they were winning the war due to the use of government propaganda. The German army collapsed in the autumn of 1918 when the allies launched their final attack on German lines. However the blame was shifted to the weak politicians rather than the military exhaustion, also known as the ‘stab in the back theory’ or the ‘Dolchstosslegende’.
Old certainties were now questioned. Everything, it seemed, was up for grabs. At Versailles in May 1919, the “fair peace” that Germans had been hoping for was not forthcoming. She lost large parts of her territory; was burdened with Reparations – the amount of which had not been determined – and the treaty included the infamous “war guilt” clause, which said that Germany was wholly responsible for the war and all ... ... middle of paper ... ... To conclude, “fear of socialism” did produce some support for the Nazi movement, particularly in the “elites” of German society. Most Nazi support however, came from their ability to capitalize on the weaknesses of Weimar democracy, such as its association with the Treaty of Versailles.
Nicholas’ ultraconservative nationalism led him to oppose all progressive reform and to impose ‘Russification’ on ethnic minorities, instilling powerful discontent throughout the Empire. His disastrous war with Japan in 1904-1905 weakened the regime’s authority, and during 1905 Russia was overrun with immense waves of unrest. Unable to control the growing chaos, Nicholas was finally forced to issue the October Manifesto, creating a legislative Duma and even then it took a policy of brutal repression to slowly restore order and gradually Nicholas II and his government regained control of the situation. Despite this, the majority of problems resulted from the actions of previous tsars. The process of industrialisation was started off by Alexander III and this created the working class which was a large source of opposition to Nicholas II.