Reasons for Economic Inequality in Sub-Saharan Countries

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Economic inequality in Sub-Saharan countries has appeared since 1960s when they gained independence. Economic inequality is the difference between people in their fortune and income. As African Development Bank Group stated, "Six out of the 10 most unequal countries worldwide were in Sub-Saharan Africa." This explains Sub-Saharan countries are close to each other and have the same problem in economy, which is economic inequality. Poverty, external shocks, and lack of education are reasons why the economic inequality exists in Sub-Saharan countries. The first reason that makes economic inequality become dominant is poverty, which has increased in Sub-Saharan countries. The increase of economic inequality clearly can be seen between people in rural and urban areas. As African Development Bank Group in their research mentioned, "the percentage of the population is poor in rural areas (56.9%), compared to urban areas (49.6%)." (www.afdb.org) This shows that the majority of rural citizens and the minority of the urban citizens are poor. Spreading diseases because of poverty in rural areas has effects on having less income. It allows economic inequality appear in sub-Saharan countries. As Dr. Uche Amazigo stated that poverty causes some diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa such as, AIDS, STDs, and HIV; because people, who have these diseases in rural areas, have less opportunity to get jobs, the differences in citizens' income between rural and urban people appear. Another reason to emerge economic inequality in Sub-Saharan countries is external shocks such as fluctuating exchange rates and decreasing trade. Some Sub-Saharan countries' incomes generally depend on trades; external shocks cause low incomes that affect to emerge economic inequa... ... middle of paper ... ...roviding well educational system in the those countries that undergo an unpleasant circumstance. Works Cited "Six out of the 10 most unequal countries worldwide were in Sub-Saharan Africa." rural areas (56.9%), compared to urban areas (49.6%)." "the percentage of the population is poor in poverty causes some diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa such as, AIDS, STDs, and HIV "Within the last decade, many sub-Saharan countries have been hit by adverse trends in commodity terms of trade and external shocks such as higher oil prices, fluctuating exchange rates, and higher interest rates." "Over the last 10 years, the prices of major commodities such as copper, iron ore, sugar, ground-nuts, rubber, timber, and cotton have fallen significantly;" "Those who are unable to afford an education, or choose not to pursue optional education, generally receive much lower wages;"

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