Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive and fatal form of dementia, frequently seen in the elderly altering their cognition, thought process and behavior. AD is reported in about half of patients that have a dementia diagnosis; one study states that about 10.3% of the population over 65 years is affected by dementia with an increase to almost 50% over the age of 85. (Beattie, 2002) Alzheimer’s disease is not a normal part of the aging process in humans, but rather found in a group of diseases that affect the brain leading to a decline in mental and physical control. AD when diagnosed has a very slow and gradual course, initially affecting the individual’s short term memory. (Beattie, 2002) Alzheimer’s disease is the 6th leading cause of death, affecting more than five million people in the United States and is also one of the most common forms of dementia.
Introduction Dementia is an umbrella term used to explain the gradual decline in multiple areas of functions, which includes thinking, perception, communication, memory, languages, reasoning, and the ability to function (Harrison-Dening 2013). Worldwide, 47.5 million people have dementia and there are 7.7 million new cases every year. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia and may contribute to 60–70% of cases. (Alzheimer's society 2014). The complexity of dementia presents a number of behavioural challenges to those who live with dementia and their care providers.
COPING WITH EARLY ONSET OF DEMENTIA: A QUALITATIVE STUDY 1 Introduction Many countries globally are faced with unprecedented demographic changes from high mortality and fertility to low mortality and fertility, giving rise to an ageing population. Population ageing is profound and enduring, and has major consequences and implications for all facets of human life. With a larger proportion of older people, one of the major concerns is health and health care. The health of older persons generally declines with age and some illness are more likely to be associated with older people. One of such illness is dementia.
Alzheimer’s Australia1 also believes that if a cure is not developed, the number of Australian’s living with dementia will increase to an approximate 900,000 by 2050. The most common known types of dementia are; • Alzheimer’s disease – The most common form of dementia, and is a disease that attacks the neurons and nerve cells of the brain, consequently causing memory loss (short-term and progressing to long-term), cognitive processes, communication, and behavioural changes. • Parkinson’s disease – Affecting the central nervous system, Parkinson’s affects basic movement, leading to tremors. Typically characterised by shaking hands. • Vascular dementia – Issues regarding the blood vessels can lead to an inadequate blood supply to the brain.
Gerontologist, 44(2). Retrieved from Conry, M. (2005). Polypharmacy: pandora’s medicine chest . Geriatric Times, 1(3). Retrieved from http://www.cmellc.com/geriatrictimes/g001028.html Fick, D. M., Cooper, J. W., Wade, W. E., Waller, J. L., MacLean, J. R., & Beers, M. H. (2004).
With later stages, the individuals lose the ability to carry on a conversation and respond to their environment. Alzheimer’s becomes severe enough to interfere with daily tasks. Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia. Alzheimer’s is the sixth leading cause of death in the Untied States. Second is delirium.
Dementia worldwide is a common cause of death for the elderly. Dementia is a syndrome – usually of a chronic or progressive nature – in which there is deterioration in cognitive function beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. (WHO). Dementia can affect many things from memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, and calculation, learning capacity, language and even judgment. ““Dementia” is an umbrella term describing a variety of diseases and conditions that develop when nerve cells in the brain die or no longer function normally.
Plaques and tangles are major features of Alzheimer’s disease, along with nerve cell communication issues within the brain. By the final stage, damage is widespread and brain tissue has shrunk significantly (National Institutes of Health, 2012). Early Signs and Symptoms As dementia of the Alzheimer’s type (DAT) is frequently the cause of dementia in the geriatric population common symptoms, treatments and the efficacy of the treatments will be discussed. Dementia of the Alzheimer’s type is a cognitive impairment, resulting in the inability to learn and retain new inform... ... middle of paper ... ...Abnormal Psychology (15th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
Journal of Advanced Nursing, 54, 722-738. SUGARMAN, J., CAIN, C., WALLACE, R. & WELSH-BOHMER, K. A. 2001. How Proxies Make Decisions about Research for Patients with Alzheimer's Disease. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49, 1110-1119.
Also the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Alzheimer's Disease will be addressed. Included will also be tips on how to make the life of an Alzheimer's patient easier. What is Alzheimer's Disease? "Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, a neurologic disease characterized by loss of mental ability severe enough to interfere with normal activities of daily living, lasting at least six months, and not present from birth. AD usually occurs in old age, and is marked by a decline in cognitive functions such as remembering, reasoning, and planning.